domenica, Luglio 21, 2024

Biographical notes on War Captains and Mercenary Leaders operating in Italy between 1330 and 1550

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The Strategic Alliances of Lutz von Landau: Medieval Power Plays

Italian CondottieriThe Strategic Alliances of Lutz von Landau: Medieval Power Plays

Great War Captain, Cruel and Allegedly Unfaithful, Unlike His Brother Konrad

Indice delle Signorie dei Condottieri: ABCDEFGIJLMNOPQRSTUVZ

Lutz von Landau: A German Count’s Impact on Italian Renaissance Warfare

Lucio Lando (also known as Lutz von Landau, Luzo Tedesco, Lucio di Lodi, Conte Lussi) was of Swabian descent, from Constance. Count.

He was either the son or nephew of Konrad Von Landau (Conte Lando), and brother of Everardo Lando and Konrad Von Weitingen (Corrado Lando). He became the son-in-law of Bernabò Visconti by marrying his natural daughter, Elisabetta. This made him the brother-in-law of Bernardon de la Salle (Bernardo della Sala) and John Hawkwood (Giovanni Acuto).

Death: 1402 ca.

Year, monthState, Comp. venturaOpponentConductActivity AreaActions taken and other salient facts
1357
JulyForlìChurchRomagnaHe served in the Grande Compagnia alongside his father. He defended the lord of Forlì, Francesco Ordelaffi. He was excommunicated, and a crusade was preached against the adventurers.
1358
…………PerugiaSiena700 barbute
JuneComp. venturaPerugiaUmbriaAt the end of the conflict, he allied with Hanneken von Baumgarten (Anichino di Baumgarten) and formed a company of 2000 barbute (helmets). With this force, he plundered the Perugino area and imposed a tribute of 4000 florins on the commune.
JulyComp. venturaFabrianoMarcheHe enters the Marche region towards Fabriano. Finding the passes guarded, he heads north.
Aug.ForlìChurchMarche, RomagnaHe moves towards Fano; reaching Forlì, he meets Amerigo del Cavalletto along with the remnants of the Grande Compagnia, which was defeated the previous month at Scalelle. He fights again in support of Francesco Ordelaffi, to the detriment of the Papal forces.
Sept. – Oct.Romagna, MarcheTo avoid overburdening the people of Forlì with the upkeep of his company, Lucio Lando carries out continuous raids in the neighboring territories.
…………Milan
1369
…………Perugia
…………MilanLeagueEmiliaHe is sent by the Viscontei to the Reggio area with 800 cavalry to devastate the territory. He is defeated in the Parma area.
1370
Jan.FlorenceMilan500 lances and 50 archersEmiliaThe contract with the Florentines is set for 3 months and 4 days; he is granted a total salary of 38,500 florins: this includes his commission of 1,100 florins per month. Joining him in the endeavor are his brothers Everardo and Corrado, Corrado di Chenz, Oscuaille Bundar, Richard Ramsey, and Giovanni di Pelante. Lutz Von Landau goes with his men to Bologna, where he is presented with the banner of the commune of Florence.
JuneFlorenceExilesTuscanyHe is sent to defend Pisa with 400 cavalry. He confronts the fuoriusciti (exiles) who benefit from the assistance of the Viscontei.
1371
JulyFlorenceMilanGeneral captainEmiliaLutz Von Landau arrives in Modena with Manno Donati. The Viscontei have built two fortresses at San Raffaele, just one mile from the walls of Reggio Emilia. John Hawkwood (Giovanni Acuto) is in their defense. When the English commander leaves the field to plunder the area around Bologna, Lutz Von Landau joins forces with Feltrino Gonzaga to attack and conquer these fortresses.
Aug.EmiliaHe frees Reggio Emilia from the siege; with the victory at San Raffaele, he rides up to the gates of Parma, ravaging the countryside with fires, looting, and killings.
Sept.EmiliaHe besieges and occupies the castle of Mirandola, where he is joined by the new general captain of the anti-Visconti league, Rosso Ricci, who succeeded Donati in the role. He carries out the usual devastations.
Oct.EmiliaLutz Von Landau besieges the castle of Mirandola with 500 lances. Rosso Ricci joins him with additional Florentine militias. The road leading to the castle is difficult, almost impassable due to the heavy snowfall in recent days. After an attempt at the castle walls in mid-month, the Florentine soldiers and the Germans from Lutz Von Landau’s company fall into an ambush laid by John Hawkwood. Lutz Von Landau and Rosso Ricci are defeated and captured by their opponents. According to Bolognese sources, the victory, on the contrary, favors the Florentines over the Visconti forces, who have 800 barbute. The contract with Lutz Von Landau is renewed at the end of the month for another 3 months and 4 days; he is still granted a monthly commission of 1,100 florins.
Nov.EmiliaHe is forced to retreat to Modena due to the rebellion of Manfredino da Sassuolo.
1372
Jan.TuscanyPeace is signed between the belligerents. Lutz Von Landau returns to Florence and hands back the command insignia to the standard-bearer Baldese Baldesi; he asks the priors for permission to be released from all contractual obligations. The authorities of the republic hesitate; they only agree when he obliges himself never to take up arms against the Florentines themselves. He is discharged and, in addition to his regular pay, he is granted two additional months of salary: 2100 florins immediately, 3000 at the end of the month, 1000 by the end of the year, and another 1000 within another year. He forms his own company in Tuscany, consisting of 5000 barbute.
Feb.Comp. venturaFlorenceTuscanyHe camps near Florence with Federico da Vallelonga; with his raids, he forces the Florentines to recognize a payment of 10,000 florins to his company. Accounting for the damages to the countryside, the incursion costs the republic 50,000 florins.
Mar.Comp. venturaSienaTuscanyAlways with Federico da Vallelonga and Giovanni di Raten, he invades the Sienese territory during a period of famine. He captures men and women, imposing a ransom for their release. He plunders the countryside up to Fonte Becci. Reaching Presciano, he retreats to Castelnuovo Berardenga when confronted by 4,000 armed men, touches Monte Sante Marie, and assaults Cuna. He arrives at Rignano sull’Arno and secures an agreement with the Sienese, through which he is paid 8,000/10,000 florins and twenty moggia of bread (worth 372 florins). Two trumpeters and four men-at-arms are sent to Siena to ratify the agreement; these are killed by the inhabitants in front of the Porta Nuova. The citizens leave the city, capture 200 adventurers who, before being killed, confess to having been pushed to enter the Sienese territory by the Florentines, who assured them a large amount of silver for every house set on fire (by the end of the operations, these will be more than 2,000). For the protection of their borders, the Sienese hire 200 lances under the command of the condottieri Manfredi di Baviera, Il Borgognone, Buasso and Giovanni Cestella (Germans), Giovanni della Staffa, Giovanni Conestabile, and Rigione (English).
Apr.Comp. ventura, LeaguePisa, Lucca, MilanTuscany, EmiliaIn the Sienese territory, Lutz Von Landau is led by the Marquis of Monferrato. He moves from the countryside of Volterra towards the Pisan area. The Pisans acknowledge a bounty of 7,000 florins, after imposing an extraordinary tax on 150 citizens. Not satisfied, he moves into the hills, shifts to the Valdarno, and camps near a bridge over the Serchio. He approaches within a mile of the walls of Pisa (in the area of Ariglione delle Campane). He steals, burns houses, takes prisoners, destroys crops, and threatens. He only leaves when another 7,000 florins are acknowledged. He makes an agreement with the commune of Lucca, to which he promises not to harm the countryside for three years in exchange for free passage. He returns to the service of the anti-Visconti league; he stops in the Bolognese area facing John Hawkwood. His men damage every territory they pass through, even if it belongs to an allied state. He signs a 20-day contract with the Marquis of Ferrara, Niccolò d’Este (salary of 10,000 florins): the official objective is to fight a supporter of the Visconti, Manfredino da Sassuolo; the real one is to seize Reggio Emilia at the expense of its lord, Feltrino Gonzaga. He is informed that Gonzaga, following the attack by the Este troops commanded by Bichino da Marano, has locked himself in the city fortress and that 500 lances under the command of Ambrogio Visconti have come to his aid. Lutz Von Landau then leaves the Sassuolo field to rush to Reggio Emilia.
MayFerraraReggio EmiliaEmiliaLutz Von Landau positions his camp at San Prospero, at the gates of Reggio Emilia; despite the contrary orders of the Marquis of Este, he finds a way to enter the city through an agreement with Feltrino Gonzaga, who allows him free passage through the Gates of Santo Stefano and Santa Croce. In exchange, he assures that the property of the citizens will be spared. Bernabò Visconti promises him 60,000 ducats if he helps to drive out the Este troops commanded by Bichino da Marano from Reggio Emilia. Lutz Von Landau feels free to do so because, in the meantime, the 20-day contract with the Este has expired. He accepts the transaction; Ambrogio Visconti is thus able to introduce another 100 cavalry into the citadel. Bichino da Marano negotiates with the Visconti and retreats to Modena. Lutz Von Landau, however, remains in Reggio Emilia beyond the agreed terms due to some difficulties in dividing the 60,000 ducats reward: during the 22 days he stays there, his men loot the city, sparing neither churches nor hospitals. On the last day of the month, he also leaves Reggio Emilia with 5,000 armed men.
JuneMonferratoMilanEmilia, PiedmontHe crosses the Parma and Piacenza areas: a composite army of Italians, Germans, Hungarians, Spaniards, Gascons, and Bretons tries, in vain, to block his path. He overcomes Tortona and Alessandria and joins with the Marquis Giovanni di Monferrato: 40,000 florins (a 4-month fee) are handed to him to fight against the troops of Galeazzo Visconti led by Luchino dal Verme. Lutz Von Landau bursts into the Alessandria area, plundering the countryside; he joins forces with the Monferrato troops to target Casale Monferrato.
Sept.MilanMonferratoPiedmontUpon the expiration of his contract, he leads part of his company into the service of the Viscontei to confront the Monferrato forces.
1376
Mar.John Hawkwood is approached by the Venetians who offer the two captains 30,000 ducats to devastate the Paduan territory for fifteen days. Both condottieri refuse the proposal due to their friendship with Francesco da Carrara.
Apr.MilanChurch300 lancesLombardy, EmiliaHe marries Bernabò Visconti‘s natural daughter, Elisabetta Visconti, who brings him as dowry the Castle of Costanza and 12,000 florins withdrawn in Milan by his brother Konrad von Weitingen. He is sent by his father-in-law with 300 lances to aid the Florentines in opposing the troops of the cardinal legate Guglielmo di Noellet. He moves with 500 lances to defend Bologna against the company of Bretons led by Giovanni di Maléstroit.
MayMarcheHe allies with Antonio da Montefeltro, defeats Galeotto Malatesta, and forces the latter to adopt a defensive stance.
Dec.FlorenceChurchLazioHe is sent with his brother Konrad von Weitingen to aid Francesco di Vico in upper Lazio.
1377
JuneLazioTogether with Francesco di Vico, he assaults the fortress of Vitorchiano using bombards.
JulyPerugiaChurchGeneral captainTuscany, UmbriaHe is appointed by the Perugians as their General Captain. He leaves Florence; passes through Torgiano and Cannara. At the end of the month, with his brother Everardo and Guglielmo Ferrebach (600 lances and 300 infantry), he seizes Gualdo Cattaneo and Bevagna, including the fortress. He then clashes with the Bretons of Silvestro di Budes. He forcibly enters Spello and, together with his brother Everardo, crosses the Tiber. He sets fire to San Martino Delfico.
Aug.Umbria, MarcheHe moves around Todi. Due to lack of provisions, he makes a ride towards Bettona; followed by the usual plundering in the counties of Foligno and Spoleto. Mid-month, taking advantage of the simultaneous absence of Giovanni di Maléstroit and Silvestro di Budes, engaged under Bolsena, he attacks Bevagna where the Breton captains Jean de Blary and Guillaume Pansart are in defense. Besieged in the citadel, the two condottieri ask for help from Silvestro di Budes. Lutz Von Landau withdraws and retreats to Perugia. Continuing his offensive, he moves into the Marche, forcing Gentile da Varano to retreat. Along with Antonio da Montefeltro and the Company of the Hook of Villanuccio da Villafranca, he drives Rodolfo da Varano out of Fabriano, reinstating Alberghettino Chiavelli in the city; devastates the area of Ancona, pillages Agugliano, Gallignano, Barcaglione, and Sappanico which had surrendered on terms. Everything is plundered, and the people are subjected to violence and robbery. He lays in wait near Ancona; with Azzo da Castello, Giovanni degli Ubaldini, and John Hawkwood, he assists the lords of Fermo, Rinaldo da Monteverde, and of Matelica, Francesco da Matelica, in their action against the state of the Church.
Sept.Marche, UmbriaHe defeats Rodolfo da Varano at Matelica, who has 600 Breton lances and more than 3,000 infantrymen. The Papal forces suffer the loss of 200 men; also, 1,000 horses are captured. The flags taken in the clash, including the main standard, are sent to Florence. On the same day, Lutz Von Landau knights his brother Everardo, a German gentleman, and Francesco da Matelica. His deeds are highly praised by the Florentines. Soon after, with Rinaldo da Monteverde and Bartolomeo Smeducci, he captures and sacks Sant’Elpidio a Mare, where he seizes more than eight hundred silk covers, hundreds of measures of wheat; there are also numerous prisoners. He also gains control over Col di Pietra and Montegiorgio, conquered from Rodolfo da Varano. He moves to Umbria and enters Foligno, which had rebelled against the Trinci through the actions of Corradino and Napoleone Brancaleoni; the inhabitants throw Trincia Trinci from a balcony of the Palace of the Lords onto the square.
Oct.TuscanyIn the Sienese territory with his brother Everardo.
Nov.MarcheMarches towards Macerata. He arrives at the Porta di San Salvatore (Porta Romana) and sets up camp there with 600 lances; Rinaldo da Monteverde, on the other hand, positions himself outside Porta Mercato with 3,000 men. Defending the city are Antonio di Guadambo and Bertrando Loctario with 300 Breton cavalry. His men breach the walls at three points: the Germans are overwhelmed and repelled with heavy losses. Lutz Von Landau then retreats towards Fermo.
1378
Mar.TuscanyIn Florence with his company. He is lodged in the bishop’s residence.
MayMilanVerona, PaduaVenetoAlways alongside John Hawkwood, he fights the Scaligeri on behalf of Bernabò Visconti. He quickly overcomes the enemy defenses between Villafranca di Verona and the marshes of Povegliano Veronese, and camps between the Adige river and Verona; the city is closely besieged, and its fall seems imminent. However, without having received any orders, he moves away from the camp to sack the territory up to San Martino Buon Albergo and Caldiero.
JulyLombardy, VenetoHe retreats in the face of the Hungarians allied with the Scaligeri; he confronts them with John Hawkwood and Marco Visconti in the Brescian area and near Lake Garda.
Nov.VenetoAt the expiration of a truce with Hawkwood, at the head of 1,400 lances and many infantrymen, he supports the wife of the lord of Milan, Regina della Scala, in launching a direct attack against Verona.
1379
Jan.Comp. venturaMilanVeneto, LombardyHe fords the Adige, opposed in vain by the Voivode of Transylvania and Giovanni di Polisna. He enters Valpolicella and Valpantena with John Hawkwood, and they are plundered up to Roncà and Monteforte d’Alpone. Part of the troops destroy Montebello Vicentino and Arzignano; Lutz Von Landau moves into Val d’Agno and plunders everything from Trissino to Valdagno. His men retreat laden with loot from Arzignano towards Montebello Vicentino and Caldiero. He is informed of the Hungarians’ return from their own devastating raids in the Brescian and Cremonese areas. There is a clash on the Sebeto; the enemies cross the Adige, inflict severe damage, and liberate many prisoners. With this defeat, Lutz Von Landau abandons the Veronese territory: rumors spread that he was bribed by the Scaligeri. Bernabò Visconti accuses both son-in-laws; he vehemently complains about their conduct to Emperor Venceslao of Bohemia and asks that all be punished as German soldiers. A similar message is sent to Leopoldo of Austria, Stefano of Bavaria, Frederick of Nuremberg, and Robert, Count of the Palatinate. John Hawkwood and Lutz Von Landau appeal to Federico Gonzaga and the priors of Florence for defense. The break with the lord of Milan is complete so much so that Visconti offers a bounty of 30 florins for every adventurer, English or German, captured and killed. The lord of Milan denies them their salaries; in retaliation, Lando plunders the Brescian area with Hawkwood and infests the Cremonese with 1,200 lances.
Feb.Lucca, Siena, Perugia, Pisa, FlorenceExilesTuscany, UmbriaHe comes to terms with the communes of Lucca, Siena, Perugia, Pisa, and Firenze, each of which hires 100 or 200 lances from his company to confront their respective exiles who have joined the bands of Carlo di Durazzo.
Mar.Comp. venturaBolognaEmilia, MarcheObtains 2500 ducats from the Bolognese. He moves to Urbino.
Apr. – MayCittà di Castello, Comp. venturaGuelfucci, Perugia, SienaUmbria, TuscanyCertainly, here’s the revised translation with important names in bold:
He clashes with the exiles from Città di Castello, led by Brancaleone Guelfucci, alongside Hawkwood. They reach Fratta Todina and Ponte San Giovanni. In the beginning, they request a loan of 300 florins from the Perugians, but this demand quickly escalates to 4000 florins. After obtaining this sum from Umbria, they move to Tuscany. However, the cities of the region remind the two condottieri (along with the addition of Everardo, their brother) of the obligations they had towards them during the War of the Eight Saints. In response, they argue that their company is different due to Everardo Lando‘s presence, who did not sign any such document at the time. They ride into the Val di Chiana and threaten the Sienese, who surrender 6000 florins to him, his brother Everardo, and Hawkwood through an agreement reached with the commissioners Goro Sansedoni and Francesco di Matarazzo. Particularly, an additional 2000 florins are granted to Lando to compensate for the damages he suffered in the territory on another occasion.
JuneChurchAntipopeTuscany, LazioIn the middle of the month, the 3 condottieri are invited to a grand celebration in Florence to commemorate the agreement reached with the Tuscan municipalities. They proceed to Torrita di Siena, and by the end of the month, they reach Gracciano, where the company disbands. Lutz von Landau separates from Hawkwood and serves under Pope Urban VI against the forces of the antipope Clemente VII. He enters Viterbo.
1380
Feb.MarcheAt the end of the month, along with his brother Konrad, Lucio Lando is hosted in Montegiorgio by Rinaldo da Monteverde.
Mar.Comp. venturaFermoMarcheTogether with Rinaldo da Monteverde and his brother Konrad, Lutz von Landau plunders the territory of Fermo. He sends 60 horsemen ahead and lays in ambush another 300 along the Tenna River in the Pontigiana district. The inhabitants of Fermo give chase to the first group and fall into the prepared ambush: 6 men are killed, and another 60 are captured, who are then brought to Montegiorgio.
Apr.FlorenceComp. venturaMarche, TuscanyHe leaves the territory of Fermo and is called upon by John Hawkwood to defend the Florentines against the Company of San Giorgio led by Alberico da Barbiano. He defeats the adversaries at Malmantile and forces them to seek a way to come to terms with the Florentines and Sienese.
MayPisaExilesTuscanyIn the service of Pisa, when the city is threatened by the exiles of Giovanni dell’Agnello, the danger subsides, and Lando is discharged with 8000 men, including horsemen and foot soldiers.
JuneComp. venturaFermo, RiminiMarche, RomagnaHe joins forces with Giovanni degli Ubaldini and Niccolò da Monteverde to aid the fortress of Montefalcone Appennino, where Rinaldo da Monteverde is besieged by the inhabitants of Fermo. Upon hearing of Monteverde’s capture and execution, he marches against Fermo and ravages its surrounding territory. He reaches an agreement with the inhabitants, who surrender 1500 florins. Rodolfo da Varano supplies the company with provisions. He then travels through the territories of Fossombrone, Senigallia, Fano, Pesaro, and Rimini: the Malatesta family is compelled to pay him 1200 ducats to ensure their lands are spared from the passage of his men.
1381
SpringBohemiaHe is reported in Prague at the court of Emperor Venceslao of Bohemia.
Nov.Comp. venturaFermoMarcheHe returns to the territory of Fermo with John Hawkwood and Boffo da Massa. They make a stop at the Chiaravalle Abbey. Shortly after, they are reported near Montottone, where provisions are delivered to them for two days. They join forces with Boffo da Massa in Rotella and Montalto delle Marche. However, they are repelled and are again reported in Montottone with the other captains. This time, the bishop of the area does not provide assistance to the adventurers due to pressure from the priors of Fermo. After an unsuccessful attempt to seize the city, they return to Chiaravalle and leave the territory. They enter the Macerata region and set up camp with John Hawkwood at the Monastery Bridge near Treia.
1382
…………Germany
…………Florence
JulyComp. venturaSienaTuscanyHe rides through the Sienese territory with Lucio Sparviero leading 800 horsemen. Due to the lack of success in this endeavor, he joins forces with Guglielmo Ferrebach.
1383
Oct.Comp. venturaMarche, RomagnaHe halts in the March of Ancona and in Romagna. He assembles troops under his command and conducts several raids with John Hawkwood.
Nov.RiminiRavennaRomagnaWhile in the employ of Galeotto Malatesta, he attacks Guido da Polenta, the Lord of Ravenna. He seizes Polenta and Coglianello from the latter, occupies Cervia, and launches an assault on Ravenna. However, all the soldiers captured by the people of Ravenna within the city, after they scaled its walls, are hanged by Guido da Polenta.
1384Comp. venturaSienaTuscanyTowards the end of the year, he, along with John Hawkwood, Giovanni degli Ubaldini, and Rinaldo Orsini, conducts raids in the Sienese territory.
1385
Sept.HungaryHe follows Carlo di Durazzo when the ruler of Naples travels to Hungary to secure that kingdom as well.
…………Comp. venturaUmbriaHe arrives in the Perugian region with 2000 horsemen. He visits Papiano, Spina, and Cerqueto.
Dec.BolognaCunioRomagnaHe battles Giovanni da Barbiano. He besieges Barbiano with 160 German lances, 100 English lances, and many Bolognese foot soldiers. He is joined by another 200 lances led by Guido da Fano and Anderlino Trotti, who do not want to share their accommodations with him due to fear of a possible change of allegiance by Lando. Even the foot soldiers move to the camp of Guido da Fano. Suspicions prove correct: indeed, Giovanni da Barbiano has promised him 3000 ducats in case of abstaining from hostilities. He accepts, and 2000 ducats are handed over to him. The Bolognese send Giovanni Isolani to ascertain his intentions. Lando goes to Faenza, where a company of 600 horsemen under the command of Corrado Prospero has arrived. He strikes a deal with this captain and brings 200 horsemen from this company to assassinate Guido da Fano and Anderlino Trotti. The plot is uncovered. The Captain General Egano Lambertini informs the Senate: Lutz von Landau is summoned to Bologna. Upon his refusal, he is discharged along with all his men. Of these, 400 horsemen and 1000 foot soldiers prefer to remain in the employ of the Bolognese. He leaves Barbiano’s camp under cover of night.
1386
Jan.Comp. venturaBolognaRomagnaIn Bologna, he is hanged in effigy by the feet as a traitor at the Palazzo dei Signori and in other public places, including some brothels. In retaliation, Lando has a sign painted depicting all the Elders of the city also hanging by their feet.
Feb.RomagnaHe allies with Giovanni da Barbiano and moves to Faenza with 500 lances. The Bolognese confront him in the Valle di San Martino and force him to flee.
Apr.RomagnaHe meets with the lord of the city, Astorre Manfredi, in Faenza.
JuneRomagna, EmiliaHe forms an alliance with Astorre Manfredi and Taddeo Pepoli to assist them in capturing Bologna. They promise him the plunder of the city for ten days. However, the attempt fails, and in retaliation, the Bolognese attack Faenza with 700 lances. Lucio Lando intervenes with his 500 lances and repeatedly defeats the adversaries. He, in turn, ravages the Bolognese territory.
Aug.AntipopeNaplesRomagna, Kingdom of NaplesThe ambassadors of Count Gian Galeazzo Visconti of the Duchy of Milan arrive and impose peace between the warring parties. He is ordered to vacate Faenza within fifteen days. He then moves to the Kingdom of Naples.
Sept.FlorenceUrbino
Oct.VeronaPaduaGeneral captain, 500 lances, 400 infantrymenVenetoOn the advice of Jacopo dal Verme, he is brought to the lordship of Verona, ruled by Antonio della Scala, for three months. He is given overall command of the troops to confront the Carrarese forces from Padua. In Mestre, Giovanni Ordelaffi presents him with the baton of captain-general, which Lando reconfirms at the head of the Italian forces. The condottiero takes the road to Mirano; however, the defenses set up by the Carrarese persuade him to turn back. He ravages the Treviso region, crosses the Sile, reaches Quinto di Treviso, stops at Istrana and Ciano. He negotiates the surrender of Onigo, which is then set ablaze. This is followed by further raids into Valdobbiadene, Asolo, and the Valley of Cavaso del Tomba. He withdraws to the area around Bassano, fords the Brenta, and returns to Vicenza. His task is to capture the towers of Novaglia in Longare. He prepares bombards and mangonels to lay siege to them. During the same period, Giovanni degli Ubaldini plunders the Veronese territory. Lutz von Landau also decides on a diversionary action in the Paduan countryside to draw back the opposing captain. Francesco Novello da Carrara and Bernardo Scolari oppose his passage; he is blocked in Limena, and the Carrarese forces force him to retreat with significant losses among his men. He then besieges the towers of Novaglia, which control the territory up to Monte Berico.
Nov.VenetoHe secures the surrender of the towers of Novaglia and Longare, despite Giovanni degli Ubaldini’s attempts to come to the aid of the defenders.
Dec.Veneto, Emilia, RomagnaThe fortifications of Longare are dismantled, and the troops under the Scaliger rule begin the work of diverting the course of the Bacchiglione River. Lutz von Landau captures the fortress of Cogolo on the Brenta. Francesco da Carrara secretly offers him 10,000 ducats to move to the Mantuan region for six months after his contract with the Scaligeri expires. He reveals the content of the offer from the Carrarese to Antonio della Scala, the Lord of Verona, who sets him free, trusting in the inclement weather that typically interrupts military operations during the winter months. Lando passes through Bologna without causing any damage and returns to the Faenza region.
1387
Feb.Comp. venturaBologna, ForlìEmilia, Romagna, VenetoHe invades the Bolognese region with his brother Konrad, stopping in Panzano, reaching San Giorgio di Piano, Budrio, and the tower of Giovanni Isolani. He attacks Bologna with 2000 horsemen and many foot soldiers. Soon, his army faces logistical problems with irregular supply lines, while reinforcements arrive for the adversaries, including 200 lances and 400 crossbowmen sent by the Florentines. The first desertions occur, and he is forced to move to Romagna to secure the necessary provisions. The Bolognese do not remain idle; they closely pursue him. He reaches San Martino in the Forlivese, crosses the Faenza region, and arrives in Ravenna. During the same period, Filippino dal Verme abandons his company to serve under the Scaligeri. Lutz von Landau heads towards Castrocaro Terme and is defeated nearby by Pino and Cecco Ordelaffi in a battle where his brother Konrad is captured along with 100 lances. He escapes to Argenta in the Este territory with only three horses, as the rest of the mercenaries are also scattered in the flight towards Russi. At the end of the month, he is summoned to Verona by Antonio della Scala to resume the conflict with the Carrarese. He goes to the city with other German captains but does not accept the proposed conditions. At the same time, Filippino dal Verme no longer wishes to serve under his command. He then heads to Ravenna to negotiate with Guido da Polenta, as one of the lord’s sons makes him believe his life is in danger due to the Bolognese. He secretly leaves the area and seeks refuge in Ferrara. His soldiers go to Faenza, where many are killed or robbed by local peasants, and the rest are arrested on the orders of Astorre Manfredi.
1388
Sept.He informs the Venetians that he has no commitments with the Carrarese and no intention of harming the interests of the alliance between the Visconti and the Most Serene Republic of Venice.
1390
Mar.PisaTuscanyIn the service of the Gambacorta, the lords of Pisa, he is paid only half a soldo.
1397
Mar.MilanFlorenceTuscanyHis attempt to surprise and conquer San Miniato fails. He ravages the banks of the Arno River and approaches the capital.
SummerGermanyHe travels to Germany to gather troops in support of Duke Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan. Upon his return to Italy, in October 1398, he leaves Verona, crosses the Po River, and passes through the Paduan region into the territory of Verona.
1402
Apr.FlorenceMilanEmiliaHe stations himself in the Bolognese region with Bernardo della Serra. He likely dies in the same year.

Sources

-“Uomo che anch’egli  col prendere il soldo altrui, o più colle rapine e co i saccheggi manteneva le truppe sue.” MURATORI

-“Era thodesco ed grande caporale tra ‘ Thodischi.” CORPUS CHRONIC. BONOMIENSUM

-“Capitano di giente d’arme in Itallia e gran signore in Alemagna.” GATARI

-“Questo conte Luzi fu Tedesco e sempre fu tenuto poco leale; e per certo li soldati non sono più leali, come soleano essere per lo tempo passaro.” MONUMENTA PISANA

-“Valoroso capitano.” DE STEFANI

-“Di nazione Tedesca e generoso guerriero.” V. DE CONTI

-“Gran Capitano di guerra.” MUZZI

-Con Giovanni degli Ubaldini “Uomini di ventura usi alle rapine agli omicidi ed a ogni altra opera nefaria.” A. MARINI

-“Also acted as ambassador to his home, conducting negotiations in Italy on behalf of his monarch the Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus. He conferred with the emperor in person, sat at his court in Prague, and from 1379 to 1383 served as intermediary between the monarch end the city of Lucca in discussions about imperial recognition of the city’s freedom.” CAFERRO

-“Questo conte Luvisi fu Todesco, e sempre fu tenuto poco reale (leale), e per certo li soldati sono assai più reali come solevano essere per li tempi passati.” ARROSTI

-“Thodesco et grande caporale tra’ Thodeschi.” CORIO

-“Abile capitano.” MIROT

-“Rimini ha dedicato una via di San Giuliano Mare a Lucio Lando..I motivi di questo onore restano misteriosi, considerato che.. costui, senza essere nemmeno un grande condottiero, si creò una fama sinistra seguendo fedelmente le orme del padre in crudeltà e slealtà. E che a Rimini non compì alcun fatto significativo procurando in compenso solo danni, come del resto in buona parte dell’Italia.” www.chiamamicitta.it>12-febbraio-1359-il-flag..

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Roberto Damiani
Roberto Damiani
Roberto Damiani è l'autore del sito Condottieri di ventura.