domenica, Luglio 21, 2024

Biographical notes on War Captains and Mercenary Leaders operating in Italy between 1330 and 1550

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The Military Exploits of Mercurio Bua

Italian CondottieriThe Military Exploits of Mercurio Bua

Valorous captain, intolerant of discipline, at times vengeful and at times capable of generous acts, greedy in his continuous demands for money from the coffers of the current employer, specialist in raids and plundering against opponents. The same marble sarcophagus, in which his body is entombed in Treviso, is the result of his plunder during the sack of the city at the Certosa di Pavia. The victim, the musicologist Franchino Gaffurio.

Indice delle Signorie dei Condottieri: ABCDEFGIJLMNOPQRSTUVZ

Mercurio Bua’s Triumphs and Challenges on the Battlefield

Mercurio Bua (Maurikos Bua Spata in Greek, Mercurio Bua in Albanian). From Naples of Romania (Nauplia), Count of Aquino and Roccasecca. Palatine Count of the Holy Roman Empire. Knight of St. Mark. Uncle of Prodano Bua and Andrea Bua, brother-in-law of Constantine Boccali (Costantino Boccali).

Born: 1478 
Death: 1542

Year, monthState, Comp. venturaOpponentConductActivity AreaActions taken and other salient facts
1489VeniceVenetoDescending from the princely family of Albanian origin, the Bua Spata, noted as early as 1200. His ancestors held the role of despots of Angelocastro, Arta, and the Morea (Peloponnese). In 1460, after the Ottoman conquest of the Balkan peninsula, his father Pietro was acclaimed leader of the Albanians of the Morea. Mercurio Bua moved to Venice following his father’s death; he changed his own name from Maurikos (Maurizio) to Mercurio. His first military experiences were as a stradiot in the ranks of the Serenissima.
July – Aug.VeniceFranceEmilia, PiedmontHe took part in the Battle of Fornovo. In August, he followed the Marquis of Mantua, the general captain of the Italian League, and the Venetian provider of the stradiots, Bernardo Contarini, to the siege of Novara.
1496Kingdom of NaplesAlways under the command of Francesco Gonzaga, he confronted the French in the Kingdom of Naples in support of the local sovereign.
…………VeniceFranceTuscanyHe fought the Florentines in aid of the Pisans. He distinguished himself in an action against Piombino.
Mar.MilanLombardyDue to the delay in payment, he left the field with 25 horses, reached Lucca, and entered the service of the Duke of Milan, Ludovico Sforza. He obtained (although not within the agreed terms) the money that was promised to him.
Aug.MilanFrancePiedmont, AustriaHe was in Alessandria with Giovanni Conti and Giovanni Bernardino Caracciolo (200 stradiots). With the defeat of the Sforza forces, he took refuge in Innsbruck with the same Duke of Milan.
Mar.SforzaFranceLombardyUnder the pay of Ludovico Sforza, aimed at recovering the Duchy of Milan. He is noted at the head of 300 stradiots in Mortara, Pavia, and Vigevano.
Apr.PiedmontHe took up the defense of Novara when the city was attacked by Gian Giacomo da Trivulzio. Defeated, he tried to facilitate Ludovico Sforza‘s escape by offering him a mount, which was refused. Mercurio Bua was captured by a Scottish man-at-arms named Duncan.
May – JunePiedmontImprisoned in the fortress of Castellar, he was guarded by Giovanni Andrea di Saluzzo di Castellar while waiting for the ransom money to arrive. Treated with respect, he was released after seven weeks.
AutumnFranceSpain100 stratiotiLazioHe sided with La Trémouille and Francesco Gonzaga at Roccasecca, Aquino, and Pontecorvo. He forced the opponents to retreat; he was tasked along with Sandricourt to escort the artillery, which had to be transported across a bridge near the last location, with 25 men-at-arms and 60 stratioti. He positioned himself at the rear guard with the French captain and repelled 300 Spanish cavalry. The King of France acknowledged his action by granting him the fiefs of Aquino and Roccasecca.
Dec.LazioOn the Garigliano. He is tasked with defending a bridge; he is involved in some skirmishes. At the end of the month, he is involved in the defeat of the transalpine forces.
…………The King of France, Louis XII, grants him the (purely formal) title of Count of Aquino and Roccasecca.
…………FranceBolognaEmiliaHe fought against the Bentivoglio, lords of Bologna. Pope Julius II acknowledged his actions with a reward of 1000 florins.
Mar.LombardyHe kills Faccendino on the road from Melegnano to San Donato Milanese. The latter, in fact, had challenged him to a duel over some of his expressions directed against Francesco Gonzaga at Gazzuolo on the occasion of a duel between Galeazzo da Landriano and Amerigo da San Severino.
Apr.FranceGenoaPiedmont, LiguriaHe leaves from the Asti area with his men and moves with Ivo d’Allègre to aid the people of Monaco. He moves to Val Polcevera; he encounters 200 Genoese infantry at Sampierdarena. He joins the rest of the French army at Busalla; he seizes the peaks of the mountains overlooking Genoa. When the defenders leave the city to attack the royal camp at Sampierdarena, Mercurio Bua acts as a vanguard towards the Lanterna. He simulates an attack with 100 stratioti and the militias of Francesco Gonzaga, retreats in the face of superior forces, and leads the pursuers into an ambush where 3000 German infantry are positioned.
May – JuneLombardyBeside the French sovereign during the solemn entrance of Louis XII into Milan. Still in Milan (June), he participates in a grand tournament organized by Chaumont.
…………EmpireFranceBelgiumAt the head of 400 stratioti, he fights the troops of the Duke of Gelderland in Flanders.
…………GermanyHe is also present in the War of the Landshut Succession in Bavaria.
JulyEmpireVeniceVenetoHe carried out numerous raids with 60 horses in the counties of Castelnuovo del Garda, Bassano del Grappa, and Castelfranco Veneto. In the Belluno area, he seized the castle of Quero Vas. Alongside Rinieri della Sassetta, he was defeated and wounded at Banco, between Cittadella and Castelfranco Veneto, by Domenico Busicchio and Giovanni Snati.
Aug.300 stratiotiVenetoAt the siege of Padua, where Niccolò Orsini is found in defense.
Oct.VenetoAt the beginning of the month, the Imperial forces abandon the siege operations of Padua. He follows Prince Rodolfo of Anhalt in the defense of Vicenza.
Dec.180 stratiotiVenetoOn guard in Verona.
Jan.VenetoHe is still in Verona with 250 stratioti. He is sent to Valeggio sul Mincio to prevent the French allies from constructing 2 bastions there.
Feb.VenetoWith some lances, he repels a raid by the Venetian stratioti carried out right up to the gates of Verona. He arrives at Caldiero, is defeated, and 20 Burgundian horses are captured.
JuneEmpireVenice60 stratiotiVeneto, FriuliAt the camp of Minerbe; in the Vicenza area, he clashes with some Turkish light cavalry of Vanissa da Poliza; 7 stratioti from his company are killed; their heads are cut off by the opponents. Mercurio Bua moves to Friuli.
JulyFriuli, VenetoHe returns to the Veneto; he is noted at the camp of Santa Croce Bigolina; he reaches Monselice and returns to the Verona area. He encounters some Croatian horses, puts them to flight, and captures their commander, a cousin, his personal enemy who defrauded him of his inheritance. The Venetians vainly offer him 6000 ducats and 6 Turkish mounts to secure this man’s freedom.
Aug.VenetoHe is in Lonigo; he has a skirmish near San Bonifacio; he plunders large amounts of livestock. He reaches the camp at Olmo, near Vicenza, with 300 stratioti.
Sept.VenetoHe escorts some merchants to Chiusa and returns to Verona: 15 men from his company desert to the Venetian camp. Also, within the same year, Emperor Maximilian of Austria appoints him as a Palatine Count. His coat of arms features a St. Andrew’s cross topped by a crowned black double-headed eagle, symbolizing the imperial power of Constantinople and the Habsburgs: all surrounded by four Bs or flints, already present in the coat of arms of the Palaiologos and recurring also in the decoration of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Jan. – Feb.VenetoIn the Verona area. In February, he moves away from Cologna Veneta. He falls into an ambush.
May300 light cavalryVenetoOn guard in Verona.
JuneVenetoHe attacks Soave and demands its surrender: he is answered with artillery. He is attacked by Teodoro Clada and Giampaolo da Sant’Angelo who capture seven of his men. He is forced to return to Verona.
JulyVenetoHe rides around Lonigo, whose castle is in the hands of the French under La Palisse. He enters the city with his stratioti and the imperial infantry: he attacks the inhabitants gathered in the square, slaughtering them (1500 dead). He pillages the houses in the center.
Aug.VenetoIn the Verona area, he captures Giacomo Mamalucco and releases him on parole: when the latter returns to his camp, unable to pay the ransom, he is finally set free. He enters Cittadella with 150 horses; he imposes a ransom of 5000 ducats on the city, which is later reduced to 1000 in cash. He heads towards Treviso, crosses the Piave, and at the head of 200 horses and 3000 infantry occupies Castelnuovo, a fortress built along the river at the foot of the Belluno Prealps. A 16th-century Greek celebratory poem recounts that Mercurio Bua threw himself into the Piave followed by his men, outflanking the defenders caught by surprise. The castellan Girolamo Miani is captured. The latter, chained, is forced to follow Mercurio Bua‘s stratioti in their raids in the upper Treviso area; he will later be released through the intercession (so it is told) of the Madonna. Having returned to Treviso, Girolamo Miani brings his chains as an ex-voto (still visible) to the venerated fresco of the “Madonna with Child” in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore.
Sept.He arrives at the French camp near Treviso. He departs from Montebelluna with 700 horses and plunders the Montello hills: some of his men are captured by the peasants. He recovers from a brief illness and sees the futility of the attack on Treviso, which is well defended by Renzo di Ceri. Mercurio Bua then roams the neighboring territory up to Nervesa della Battaglia and the borders with Friuli.
Oct.VenetoHe is still engaged in the siege of Treviso. He returns to Verona.
Nov.120 stratiotiVeneto, Friuli60 men from his company desert in favor of the Venetians. Mercurio Bua is transferred to Friuli; he takes part in the conquest of Gradisca d’Isonzo.
Dec.170 stratiotiVenetoHe moves to Cadore with Cinganetto. At the head of 50 light cavalry, mostly stratioti dismissed by the opponents, he faces 380 infantrymen who had come out of Feltre under the command of Greco Giustiniani and Sebastiano del Manzino; he forces them to surrender and strips them of their weapons.
Aug.LombardyL’Aubigny, besieged in Brescia by the Venetians, surrenders the city to the Viceroy of Naples, Raimondo di Cardona. He goes to Brescia with 500 stratioti, with whom he is tasked with escorting the French troops to the Alps. He is given imperial safe-conducts and those from the Duke of Milan, Maximilian Sforza. Near Pavia, 100 soldiers leave the city and seize about twenty of the carts transporting the French goods.
Apr.EmpireVeniceVenetoHe returns to guard Verona.
MayVenetoHe leaves Verona with 400 horses, 3000 infantry, and 8 small pieces of artillery. He encounters the troops of the provider Sigismondo Cavalli at Albaredo d’Adige: part of the Venetians is forced to flee to Cologna Veneta (Giovanni Forti) and part to Montagnana and Vicenza.
JuneVenetoHe is continually engaged in the defense of Verona.
JulyVeniceSpain, Empire, Milan73 stratiotiVenetoHe faces 200 Venetian stratioti; one of his men voluntarily gets captured and starts negotiations on his behalf with emissaries from the Serene Republic. Mercurio Bua obtains a safe-conduct from Bartolomeo d’Alviano and deserts with 35 horses. He meets with the stratioti provider Giovanni Vitturi and the same d’Alviano. Leaving Padova, he heads towards Longare with 80 stratioti and 100 light cavalry; with the help of peasants, he surprises 100 Spanish horses at Frassine and captures Alfonso di Carvajal. At the end of the clash, 6 of his men are knighted in Venice and are given a gold jacket. Mercurio Bua requests to have command of all the stratioti; his request meets significant resistance, especially from the Greek nationality stratioti. He also goes to Venice and is hosted by Omobono Gritti. He is received in audience by the Doge Leonardo Loredan; he is given 200 ducats and joins Bartolomeo d’Alviano in Padova.
Aug.VenetoAt the defense of Padova. He abandons the city upon hearing that the Imperial forces are retreating. He has a skirmish with Rizzano; not supported by the stratioti from other companies, he is forced to retreat with wounds in two parts of his body: among his men, 12 are captured, and others die by drowning.
Sept.VenetoHe goes to Venice with Bartolomeo d’Alviano and another 8 men-at-arms.
Oct.VenetoHe takes part in the Battle of Creazzo, positioned at the center of the formation: repelled by 4000 Spanish infantry, he is saved with the provider Niccolò Vendramin. In Padova. For his conduct, he is publicly praised by Bartolomeo d’Alviano. Mercurio Bua goes again to Venice to request the ransom for Alfonso di Carvajal; he also asks to be named a Venetian gentleman, a monthly provision of 100 ducats, a house in Naples of Romania (Nauplia), a command of 100 men-at-arms in white and 200 light cavalry.
Nov.56 stratiotiVenetoIn Padova, at the review of his company that takes place in Prato della Valle: some stratioti under his command are dismissed. As the conflict continues, he attacks the Spanish in Montagnana: he is repelled.
Dec.VenetoHe falls ill.
Feb.VenetoHaving recovered, he goes to Venice with Bartolomeo d’Alviano. He is admitted to the Council of Sages. He threatens to leave if his demands are not met.
Mar. – May49 stratiotiVeniceHe stays in Venice to follow the procedures for his command. He appears in some religious ceremonies alongside the Doge Leonardo Loredan.
JuneVenetoThe Council of Sages grants him the command of 200 stratioti, of which 150 are to be gathered from the Levant; he is also assigned a monthly provision of 80 ducats for 8 payments a year. Bartolomeo d’Alviano sends him with Troilo Pignatelli to the defense of Sossano and Longare (500 light cavalry and another 200, respectively). The Viceroy of Naples, Raimondo di Cardona, takes the route to Barbarano Vicentino and Sossano and defeats both Venetian commanders in two encounters. Mercurio Bua returns to Padova.
JulyVenetoHe leaves the camp with 250 light cavalry and Cola Moro who commands 1000 infantry. He heads towards the Polesine, surprises 300 Spanish cavalry, and enters Rovigo where he captures the Spanish commissioner with twelve horses. He returns to the camp at Brusegana; with Malatesta Baglioni, Giulio Manfrone, Giampaolo da Sant’Angelo, and Cola Moro, he heads towards Camposampiero (300 men-at-arms, many light cavalry, and infantry) to counter a raid carried out by 100 men-at-arms, 300 light cavalry, and 300 infantry. He fords the Brenta, proceeds towards Cittadella and Castelfranco Veneto; turns towards Camisano Vicentino and catches the enemies by surprise there. He recovers the spoils; among the Spanish, 100 horses are captured and all the infantry are killed, wounded, or captured. Mercurio Bua is subsequently noted on reconnaissance between Este, Montagnana, and Monselice; he imprisons some German horses, and others are killed. He also supports Giovanni Naldi in repelling an opponents’ assault at Battaglia Terme. At the end of the month, he joins Niccolò Vendramin (500 stratioti and light cavalry).
Aug.Trentino, VenetoHe enters Valsugana and devastates the countryside up to Trento, burning and pillaging the houses he finds on his way. He moves to the Feltrino area: the local authorities oppose his presence in the territory for fear of reprisals and due to the poor discipline of his men. Still with Niccolò Vendramin and Galeazzo Rapetta, he advances towards Conselve with 200 stratioti, 150 lances from the company of Bartolomeo d’Alviano, and 50 arquebusiers. He clashes at Cagnola with Constantine Boccali and 60 Spanish men-at-arms: all prisoners are taken to Cittadella.
Sept.VenetoHe supports Bartolomeo d’Alviano towards Frassine with 150 light cavalry: he scouts the areas around Saletto and enters Este, abandoned by the Spanish.
Oct.VenetoHe heads towards Verona with Malatesta Baglioni and Giacomo da Vicovaro, crosses the Adige, and overcomes a palisade built by the Spanish along the river at Porcile (Belfiore). Each captain follows a different direction (San Giovanni Lupatoto, Santa Maria, and Zevio) and swoops down on the enemy camp, located between the first and third places, where there are 400 light cavalry and 100 men-at-arms: 100 horses and numerous infantry are killed, and 300 horses are captured. Subsequently, he joins Bartolomeo d’Alviano in the conquest of Rovigo; with Troilo Pignatelli, he attacks 300 infantry at Lendinara. They flee, and many are captured: the Venetians seize 600 arquebuses, many corslets, and some falconets. Mercurio Bua continues in action and in various clashes captures 75 men-at-arms. The General Provider Domenico Contarini praises his conduct in the Rovigo campaign.
Nov.VenetoWith Giovanni Naldi, he monitors the movements of the Spanish marching from Zevio to Legnago.
Dec.Veneto, LombardyHe rides to Este; at Saletto, he monitors the movements of the enemy army: his company is reinforced by numerous stratioti from Nauplia. He is transferred to Lombardy and attempts to provide assistance to Bergamo. In a sortie, he captures 300 horses that were lodging outside the city walls. He returns to Venice with Giampaolo Baglioni; at an event organized by Andrea Gritti and Niccolò Vendramin, he witnesses the reconciliation of d’Alviano with Renzo di Ceri.
Jan.VenetoHe moves to the vicinity of Verona.
Feb.VenetoIn Venice, in the College: he is referred to the Council of Sages to discuss his requests.
Mar.VenetoWith the consent of Bartolomeo d’Alviano, he returns to Venice; he once again requests to have command of the stratioti. Giorgio Busicchio, Piero Renessi, and other captains then leave Padova and, in turn, come to the College where, rather than submit to his orders, they request the appointment of a specific Venetian provider. Mercurio Bua also returns to Padova. He reaches Roncà, sets an ambush at Montorio Veronese, and conducts a raid up to the walls of Verona: he nearly manages to capture Giovanni Battista Spinelli.
Apr.VenetoHe attempts to ambush Fernando Alarcon at Castelbaldo; returns to Albaredo d’Adige, crosses the river, and plunders the countryside up to Sanguinetto and Nogarola.
MayVenetoOn reconnaissance at San Vito di Leguzzano.
JuneVenetoHe surprises some Spaniards at Cucca, in the Verona area. At the muster of his company, 5 stratioti are dismissed. He targets Lonigo and, with Giampaolo Baglioni, surprises 60 Spanish infantry in a village: of these, 30 are killed and twenty, taken prisoner, are brought to Vicenza. He returns to guard Padova; he now commands 400 light cavalry. He then moves to the Vicenza area; with 50 stratioti, he encounters 50 Spanish cavalry at Montecchio Precalcino. He is repelled.
JulyVenetoOn the Brenta with 400 light cavalry following a raid by the opponents at Fontaniva. He escorts the militias of Renzo di Ceri to the Adige, and in a sortie conducted up to the gates of Verona, he seizes 200 animals including mares and donkeys, 200 oxen, and 200 cows. He harasses the Spanish near Lonigo; targets Frassine with 50 stratioti. He clashes with a squad of men-at-arms and forces the opponents to flee towards Cologna Veneta. One of his knights duels with an opponent, wounding him with a lance thrust to the back: Mercurio Bua rewards him by increasing his pay by 2 ducats.
Aug.VenetoHe leaves the camp at Este to defend the artillery of Bartolomeo d’Alviano, which is heading towards Montagnana and Lombardy; he remains in the Paduan area to protect the territory.
Sept.Veneto, LombardyAt Fiesso Umbertiano; he captures 6 horses nearby; then, he connects with Bartolomeo d’Alviano in Lombardy and supports him at San Martino dall’Argine. He participates in the Battle of Melegnano where he is slightly wounded under the chin; at the end of the fight, he pursues the fleeing Swiss and Milanese troops up to the city suburbs; he seizes 4 pieces of artillery and 2 flags. That same evening, according to the account of the squire of Bayard, the King of France embraces him and publicly hails him as the savior.
Oct.200 stratiotiVeneto, LombardyHe is granted an annual provision of 800 ducats for ten payments a year. He arrives at Valeggio sul Mincio, intercepts 100 light cavalry and 150 infantry coming out of Verona, aids Peschiera del Garda, and puts the opponents to flight. At Sabbioneta, he surprises at night 200 cavalry commanded by Manoli Boccali, his personal enemy because he refused to let him marry his sister. He attacks half the company that remained on the Venetian bank; 60 horses are captured, and 40 are killed. The loot amounts to 5000 ducats. Mercurio Bua moves to Gambara.
Nov.Lombardy, VenetoHe imprisons 3 Cremonese rebels against the King of France and imposes a ransom of 3000 ducats on them. Gian Giacomo da Trivulzio asks for their delivery; when Mercurio Bua states he wants nothing in exchange, he is given 2000 shields. He also captures a Bavarian, the brother of the castellan of Verona, who had left the city to go hunting. He leaves Custoza; he joins Giampaolo and Giulio Manfrone upon learning that Marcantonio Colonna has left Verona with 4000 men heading towards Villafranca di Verona and Valeggio sul Mincio. He crosses the river and positions himself at Valeggio: the Venetians, commanded by Giampaolo Manfrone, camp without the necessary precautions. Mercurio Bua disagrees with the orders, goes to Sommacampagna and Castelnuovo del Garda to warn the Venetians of the imminent danger. The Serenissima’s troops are caught unprepared: Mercurio Bua too throws himself into the battle, and some of his men are killed by arquebus shots. He is forced to retreat after managing to free some prisoners who had fallen into the hands of Colonna‘s militias.
Dec.Veneto, LombardyHe reaches Valeggio sul Mincio, moves to Monzambano, and joins Giovanni Battista da Fano upon learning that from Verona, 4000 infantry and 800 cavalry with eleven pieces of artillery have set out to try to provide relief to the defenders of Brescia besieged by the Venetians. The Imperial forces, encountering resistance, set fire to Valeggio sul Mincio and fall back on Dossobuono. Mercurio Bua leaves his nephew Marcantonio with 100 horses to monitor the movements of the opponents and stops at the winter quarters in Pozzolengo and Castellaro.
Jan.VeniceSpainLombardyHe prepares an ambush between Castenedolo and Bagnolo Mella; from scouts captured by his men, he is warned that the Spanish have left Brescia, from Porta Pile, to go on a raid. Mercurio Bua attacks them and forces the escort to flee; subsequently attacked by other Spaniards from the city, he engages in a new clash that ends with the capture of Francesco Icardo, brother of the governor of Brescia, with 12 men-at-arms: many soldiers are killed in this fight, including two captains. Also in the same month, he surprises Bernardino Calderaro in a farm in the Mantuan area; some light cavalry from the latter’s company are taken prisoner.
Feb.300 light cavalryLombardyHe is reported at Ostiglia. In the Mantuan area, he captures 12 horses from the company of Bernardino Calderaro. He leaves Castellaro and crosses the Adige. Sending fifteen horses to scout towards San Martino Buon Albergo, he learns that in the location, 600 Spanish infantry have stopped, waiting for the payment of their dues. When they decide to return to Verona to receive an advance, Mercurio Bua (at the head of 500 light cavalry) surprises them in the open field: in the clash, 17 infantry are killed and 180 are captured, who are taken to Vicenza along with the captains Basco da Cuna and Francesco Maldonado. His annual provision is increased to 1000 ducats, and the Council of Sages grants him the title of count, names him a Knight of St. Mark, and presents him with a golden robe. Mercurio Bua requests for himself a command of 100 lances or 300 light cavalry and a provision of 1200 ducats, for some of his men an increase in their provision, and for 6 of them to be knighted; he also asks not to be under the orders of the stratioti provider Giovanni Vitturi, but only those of the general provider, the general captain, and the general governor. He goes to Venice despite contrary orders; he has a meeting with the Doge together with Domenico Contarini. The Council of Sages accepts most of his requests regarding both himself and his men.
Mar.Veneto, LombardyHe is sent to Ponton when 8000 Imperial infantry arrive in Trentino at Mori; he connects with Giovanni Vitturi and surprises in an ambush at La Chiusa many Swiss who are marching in disarray. 100 are killed, and another 60 are captured; many of the opponents drown while trying to escape. Among the Venetians, two stratioti drown and others are wounded by arquebus fire. Mercurio Bua returns to Peschiera del Garda only to leave again due to the approaching enemy army. He captures another 6 horses in a skirmish; then, he proceeds towards Asola and with Giovanni Vitturi engages the Imperial forces besieging that center with daily harassing actions. He intercepts, among others, 3000 infantry and 500 cavalry, puts them to flight, and forces them to abandon any offensive operation. Finally, he moves to defend Milan with Giampaolo Baglioni; he sets up his camp in the village of Porta Romana.
Apr.LombardyHe heads to Pontoglio with the stratioti and some French light cavalry. He encounters 40 Imperial cavalry who fortify themselves in a monastery; he sets fire to the bell tower where some men have taken refuge, capturing Cesare Fieramosca along with 2 Pavese rebels who fail to escape in time: others die from smoke inhalation. He resumes his raids and is near Lodi: he sets an ambush two miles from the gate towards Cremona and seizes 200 oxen used for transporting artillery. Giovanni Zafa, Il Grechetto, and many infantry come out of the city to counter him. The enemies are repelled. The clash ends with the capture of Zafa and 80 Italian, Spanish, and Greek horses (100 infantry are killed). He then moves on to Romano di Lombardia and Martinengo, closely pursuing the Swiss retreating towards Bergamo. 80 infantry are killed while crossing a bridge over the Adda, and another 18 are captured along with 3 squad leaders; many carriages with their draft animals and two small artillery pieces also fall into Mercurio Bua‘s hands. He approaches Bergamo, attacks a gate, and another 50 Imperial infantry are killed; in the village, he seizes 60 draught horses for transporting artillery. Three companies of cavalry come to face him; he clashes with the first squadron of Burgundians, among whom is Marcantonio Colonna. The rival captain is repelled, 40 of his horses are overrun, many are killed, and the general artillery captain and a nephew of the Count of Cariati are captured, although the latter manages to escape following a counterattack by the Imperial infantry. In terms of relations with the authorities, Mercurio Bua is accused by the General Provider Andrea Gritti of being undisciplined, talking too much, angrily demanding the money owed to him, and being too lenient towards the allied commander, the Constable of Bourbon, during the same days.
MayLombardyIn Lonato. He monitors the march of 7000 Swiss troops moving from Bergamo towards Brescia.
JuneVenetoHe is stationed at Villafranca di Verona; from there, he conducts continuous raids towards the provincial capital. With Giampaolo Manfrone and Girolamo Fatinanzi, he is tasked with protecting the work of the peasants engaged in wheat harvesting in the territory of San Bonifacio. At the end of the month, he falls ill and goes to Padova for treatment.
JulyVenetoRecovered, he goes to Venice, meets with the Doge, and is referred, as usual, to the Council of Sages: he once again requests the appointment as general captain of the stratioti, a command of 100 men-at-arms in white (or 500 light cavalry), and money. He returns to the Verona area and attacks 50 men-at-arms and 200 infantry exiting Verona: he captures 40 horses of Marcantonio Colonna headed towards the Mantuan area.
Aug.Veneto, LombardyHe writes a letter to the College in favor of some Veronese rebels; he redeems, through a prisoner exchange, the provider Sigismondo Cavalli. He joins Lautrec at the camp in Castiglione delle Stiviere. When the decision is made by the Venetians and the French to attack Verona together, he moves to Bussolengo; he seizes the pass at Parona where 5 men-at-arms are captured and 60 infantry are killed. He approaches the capital, encountering resistance from two flags of infantry and 100 cavalry stationed at the Carota bridge. The Imperials are forced to retreat with heavy losses; 60 infantry along with a captain, some squad leaders, and a constable are captured; the rest are all killed in combat or drown in the Adige while attempting to flee. This is followed by a raid in the suburbs that provokes artillery fire. In the continuation of operations, Mercurio Bua remains around Verona. He clashes near the San Giorgio gate with the Landsknechts of Georg Frundsberg; he prevents the city from being supplied and any outside relief from arriving. His men rebel over delayed pay; he tries to appease them with words only, even though 1300 ducats of his provision have been delivered to him during the same days. He then positions himself on the road from Verona to Vicenza and roams in Valpantena. He prepares an ambush to catch the opponents’ foragers while they are busy gathering grapes; they are warned by the peasants, so the maneuver essentially fails. Some enemies are left on the field, and 10 horses are captured. He heads to Santa Lucia where the French camp is located; he encounters a significant number of infantry and cavalry coming out of Verona, who have appropriated some oxen intended for the transport of cannons. A skirmish ensues in which Il Grechetto‘s mount is wounded, and 14 horses are captured. Again, at the end of the month, with 300 light cavalry, he attacks 50 cavalry and 60 Spanish infantry who had exited the walls in search of provisions. He is unhorsed by a lance thrust during the combat. Remounted, he forces the opponents to flee back into Verona. At Bussolengo, his commitment is praised by the General Governor of the Serene Republic, Teodoro da Trivulzio.
Sept.VenetoHe perseveres in his action to cut off the supply flow from Trentino to Verona. He moves to La Chiusa, Bussolengo, and Valpolicella where he is able to inform Teodoro da Trivulzio and Lautrec of the imminent arrival of significant reinforcements to the garrison of Verona.
Oct.Veneto, TrentinoHe rides towards Caprino Veronese with 500 light cavalry; he targets Ala. On the return journey, he assaults the enemies at Parona as they attempt to cross the Adige: inflicting significant losses on them (150 dead, among killed and drowned). Together with Babone Naldi, he occupies the castle of Gruaro and leaves there 100 horses and 100 crossbowmen; he reaches Sommacampagna and, with a sudden sortie, recovers 100 heads of cattle raided by the opponents and captures 30 horses. He returns to Gruaro and blocks two large rafts loaded with food supplies and cattle, killing many of the escort. Several German infantry are stripped of their weapons and killed by the peasants who receive from Mercurio Bua the livestock taken from them. He moves again in Valpolicella; connects with Giovanni Naldi at Ponton on the banks of the Adige, defeats 4 flags of infantry pushing them back to La Chiusa, destroys 9 out of 11 rafts loaded with rye barrels and sacks of bread, also seizes 3 pieces of artillery. He occupies Gruaro again, which had been abandoned by the opponents, and destroys another 10 rafts loaded with wine, cured meats, cheeses, and fodder: in these clashes, the Imperials suffer the loss of 600 men, between those killed in combat and drowned. Upon returning to camp, he pressures Andrea Gritti to pay Babone Naldi‘s infantry: for his part, he continues his complaints to the Serenissima authorities about the treatment of him and his men. Finally, he targets Affi with Federico Gonzaga da Bozzolo: surprises at Peri 50 cavalry escorting a convoy transporting wheat and flour, closely tails 2 flags of Swiss headed for Valpolicella. They take refuge in a forest: he attacks them, forces them to flee towards the mountains, and few find escape. At the end of the month, he approaches Porta Calzari. He is repelled.
Nov.Veneto, TrentinoHe is informed by a spy that Giovanni Battista Spinelli is about to leave Verona to head for Trento: he sets up an ambush near Rovereto with Giovanni Naldi, Macone da Correggio, and Giovanni da Como. The Count of Cariati is surprised at the pass of Peri, however, he escapes the trap and is pursued by Mercurio Bua up to Serravalle on the Adige. The commander, repelled by two companies of infantry, raids the lands of the Count of Lodrone, seizing 200 heads of cattle. He sacks the castle of Avio and continues his raid towards Trento. He joins forces again with Babone Naldi and obstructs the provisioning of Verona. In the territory of Santa Lucia, he prevents the city’s inhabitants and the escorting German infantry from collecting wood needed to repair damages caused to the fortifications by Venetian and French artillery (deaths and prisoners among the opponents). From Caprino Veronese, he moves down to Sommacampagna and organizes an ambush near a gate of the capital, in which a column of infantry falls. A second clash follows with some soldiers coming out of the city; he is forced to retreat but not without having managed to capture 13 horses. Subsequently, with 400 stratioti, he surprises some Spanish infantry. Some take refuge in a house at Coste. The building is conquered with the killing of all the soldiers who had barricaded themselves inside. The attempts by Zuchero and Andrea Bua who come out of Verona to avenge the dead are futile. At the end of the month, he is reported with Troilo Pignatelli at San Giacomo (600 light cavalry). He is here attacked by Zuchero and Constantine Boccali. The further intervention of 1000 Landsknechts of Georg Frundsberg forces the Venetians to abandon Colognola ai Colli. The locality is sacked. However, the indiscipline of his men is increasingly evident: they demand two payments and refuse the advances offered to them. Andrea Gritti criticizes their behavior during lootings and raids at the expense of the territory.
Dec.VenetoHe approaches Verona with 150 horses; he is confronted by 300 infantry and some cavalry, who capture one of his broken lances, Giorgio Capozimadi. Mercurio Bua repels the opponents and other infantry coming out of a ravelin to support their comrades: 50 Imperials are killed, and another twenty are captured; among the Venetians, one stratiot is killed, and a captain is wounded in the mouth by a pike thrust, and a nephew is injured in the head. Andrea Gritti gives him permission to go to Padova; he takes advantage of this to reach Venice. On Christmas Day, he is reported in San Marco with three of his captains. In the following days, he meets with some members of the Council of Ten and dines with the Doge.
Jan.VenetoMid-month, following Teodoro da Trivulzio, he enters Verona through Porta Calzari with 300 stratioti. The war is over.
Feb.100 stratiotiVenetoHe attends the muster of his men. He goes to Venice and protests the downsizing of his company caused by the end of the war: alternatively, he requests the command of 50 stratioti for a nephew.
Mar.VenetoThe Council of Sages changes the terms of his command, which is thus established: 100 men-at-arms in white in times of war, 50 in times of peace. The term is for two years, plus one year of grace. The cost of his command is valued at 4000 ducats per year. Part of his light cavalry are transferred to Dalmatia under the command of a nephew, and part are discharged in Noale. Mercurio Bua accompanies Andrea Gritti to Venice and attends the celebrations given in honor of Teodoro da Trivulzio; he joins the latter in his visit to the Arsenal and in various religious ceremonies.
Apr. – JuneVenetoIn Venice. In April, for the baptism of his natural son Pirro in Santa Maria Formosa. In May, he participates in a session of the Grand Council. In June, with Taddeo della Volpe, he attends various events, both secular and religious.
JulyLombardyHe is in Milan with the General Collateral Pietro Antonio Battaglia. He protests the treatment he is subjected to and the fact that he has spent 2000 ducats for the maintenance of his company, which have not been reimbursed to him. He requests that his provision be increased from 8 to 10 payments and that Captain Niccolò Bilduca be punished for having left Vicenza without his permission to join the papal forces. He also requests that the French acknowledge the expenses for damages suffered years earlier when he was robbed in the Pavese area while serving under Ludovico Sforza: Teodoro da Trivulzio requests 15000 ducats for him from King Francis.
Nov. – Dec.VenetoIn Venice. The Council of Sages advances him 400 ducats to organize his company. Other requests related to his command are also accepted.
Feb.VenetoIn Treviso. Some horses from his company participate in a joust in the city.
MayVenetoIn Venice. He is summoned to the College. He takes lodging in San Francesco.
JulyVenetoThe Council of Ten grants him and three other captains permission to bear arms in Venice. In the same year, he marries Caterina Boccali, daughter of Niccolò and sister of Manoli and Constantine.
Jan.VenetoIn Venice, he complains to the doge about his economic conditions.
Mar. – Apr.VeniceOttoman EmpireVeneto, FriuliHe leaves Treviso with his light cavalry to counter any potential raids by Turkish brigands in Friuli.
MayFriuli, VenetoIn Sacile, as the danger subsides, his troops return to their quarters near Treviso.
JuneVenetoAt Oriago for a policing action, as in the locality some peasants have killed two French gentlemen (Moriaches and Berton) who were on their way to Jerusalem. At the end of the mission, he proceeds to Venice to the Collegio: his contract is renewed for two years of active service and one of reserve.
JulyVenetoHe is granted permission to build a house in Treviso.
Jan.VenetoIn Treviso, he is given land to build his residence between the old Santa Croce Gate and the wooden bridge where the new one will be located.
MayVenetoSome of his men kill a crossbowman of Teodoro da Trivulzio in Oderzo. Mercurio Bua is reported in Treviso and in Venice. At the Lido of Venice, the bucintoro comes to take him. He dines with the doge.
June47 lancesVenetoIn Treviso, he is put on alert as the possibility of a new conflict with the Imperial forces becomes more concrete.
Aug.VeniceEmpire100 lancesVeneto, LombardyHe is initially reported in Verona. From there, he moves to Pescantina with Troilo Pignatelli. To Paderno Franciacorta.
Sept.EmiliaAt the camp in Fontanelle; with Lautrec, Teodoro da Trivulzio, and Andrea Gritti, he participates in a war council concerning the situation in Parma: he requests to enlist stradiots in his company; he also asks the Venetians to have at his command 20 light cavalry instead of 20 men-at-arms. He reaches the camp at San Secondo Parmense; joins forces with Antonio da Martinengo and moves towards Parma with 100 men-at-arms and some light cavalry. He encounters on the road 50 Spanish light cavalry, captures Cristoforo di Liz; reaches Parma and heads towards the Enza without encountering resistance.
Oct.Emilia, LombardyHe crosses the Po with 800 cavalry at the Tavernelle del Pizzo bridge near Casalmaggiore; he is defeated by Giovanni dei Medici near Cremona. Some of his men defect to the enemy camp; Mercurio Bua demands that they be handed over by Medici. He is invited to coordinate his action with that of Camillo da Martinengo to counter the Swiss and German infantry marching from Trento towards the Po; with 600 light cavalry, he cuts all the bridges in the Bergamo area and moves to the defense of Bergamo. He leaves the city and tails the Swiss up to Castelli Calepio and Palazzolo sull’Oglio; from there, he reaches Capriolo and joins forces with the French at Pontdormi; he follows the Swiss on the Mella to prevent their march on Brescia and keeps watch over them up to Montichiari with strict orders not to engage in skirmishes. He captures 25 horses.
Nov.LombardyHe takes part in the defense of Milan. Forced to yield to the Imperial forces, he attempts to flee towards Monza; captured due to a fall from his horse, he surrenders into the hands of Marchese Federico Gonzaga.
Dec.Lombardy, VenetoTaken to Mantua, he is set free without the payment of any ransom. He then travels by river to Venice with a letter from Gonzaga.
Mar.The Collegio dei Pregadi decides to give him money so that he can reorganize his company, which suffered significant losses during the defense of Milan.
Apr.LombardyAt the siege of Milan.
JulyAt the end of the war, the strength of his company amounts to 67 lances.
67 lancesLombardyThe conflict comes to an end.
JuneVenetoIn Venice at the Collegio. He meets with the new doge, Andrea Gritti.
Sept.100 lancesThe Council of the Wise reaffirms his command of 100 lances.
Oct.VeniceFranceLombardyHe is sent to the Oglio with Giovanni Naldi by the Duke of Urbino and Captain General of the Serenissima Francesco Maria della Rovere for the purpose of spying on enemy movements. He is reported in Bergamo for a war council with the General Governor Giano Fregoso and Giulio Manfrone. He crosses the Oglio at Pontevico, attacks the camps of Federico Gonzaga da Bozzolo and Renzo di Ceri and forces them to move from Cremona to Soncino.
Feb.100 lancesLombardyHe crosses the Adda with the Captain General Francesco Maria della Rovere to connect with the Imperial forces in the Pavia area. At the camp of Lacchiarella and at that of Casorate Primo: he conducts a raid beyond the Ticino with 300 men-at-arms and 400 arquebusiers. He attempts to plunder Pirro Gonzaga da Bozzolo between Milan and Abbiategrasso, who sustains only minor losses.
Mar.PiedmontHe operates around Garlasco.
Apr.PiedmontHe scouts ahead with della Rovere towards Vercelli; he risks being surprised by some French arquebusiers. In Venice, the General Proveditor Piero Pesaro does not consider him capable of leading men-at-arms, but rather light cavalry. He also goes to Venice and attends in San Marco the ceremony in which the command insignia are delivered to della Rovere. He marries Caterina Boccali.
JulyHis wife dies in Venice. The woman is buried in the church of San Biagio.
Apr.VeniceEmpire100 lancesVenetoWith his men at Castelbaldo to watch over the banks of the Adige and monitor the movements of Spanish troops that are lurking around the borders.
MayVenetoAt Villa Bartolomea with his company and 200 light cavalry.
Aug.VenetoHe marries Elisabetta Balbi by proxy. From the marriage, four children will be born.
Feb.VenetoIn Legnago with the Captain General of the Serenissima, the Duke of Urbino Francesco Maria della Rovere, and Federico Gonzaga da Bozzolo in order to inspect the defensive works of that location.
JuneHe recovers from an ailment and follows the negotiations to bribe a certain number of stradiots from the Imperial camp to the Venetian one: the General Proveditor Piero Pesaro promises him command of such men.
JulyLombardyHe is stationed at the camp in Melegnano; at the end of the month, he escorts the Duke of Milan, Francesco Sforza, to Como after the latter has surrendered the Sforzesco Castle of Milan to the Imperial forces.
Sept.82 lancesLombardyAt the camp in Lambrate; he attends the war council where Niccolò Fregoso, on behalf of Andrea Doria, requests the dispatch of 4000 infantry to assault Genoa.
Nov.LombardyFrancesco Maria della Rovere sends him with Luigi Gonzaga towards Acquanegra Cremonese to hinder the advance of the Landsknechts led by Georg von Frundsberg.
Dec.In Venice, the former General Proveditor Piero Pesaro no longer considers him suitable for operational missions.
Jan.100 lancesLombardyHe is left to the defense of Bergamo with 350 lances and 2000 infantry: he sends two companies of infantry to Mandello del Lario upon hearing that 3000 Imperial troops are about to cross the Adda in the Monte di Brianza.
May – JuneLombardyUnder the orders of General Proveditor Domenico Contarini. Mercurio Bua falls ill and is temporarily replaced in his duties by Giano Fregoso. Having recovered in June, he obtains permission to report directly to Contarini. He returns to the defense of Bergamo.
Jan.Lombardy, VenetoHe takes part in a war council with other captains and with the General Proveditor Tommaso Moro. From Bergamo, he goes to Venice to meet with the doge.
Mar.LombardyOn guard in Bergamo with 1500 infantry.
MayLombardyIn Martinengo for a new war council with della Rovere, the Duke of Milan, the Proveditor Tommaso Moro, Giano Fregoso, and other captains: the strategic plan to confront the advance of the Landsknechts of the Duke of Brunswick (15000 infantry and 1200 cavalry) is defined.
JuneLombardyIn Bergamo. He sends some light cavalry to Trezzo sull’Adda, who clash with the Imperial troops (10 killed and as many captured): he increasingly suffers from attacks of gout.
JulyLombardyHe is strongly criticized by the captain of Bergamo, Giusto Guoro, for being unable to keep the troops in check.
Aug.LombardyHe crosses the Adda and joins della Rovere at Torretta, where the Venetians merge with the troops led by Saint-Pol. He reaches San Zenone al Lambro and is given command of the rearguard, consisting of 5000 infantry, 350 lances, and 700 light cavalry.
Sept.LombardyHe conquers the Certosa di Pavia at the head of 3000 infantry. The city falls into the hands of the Venetians. Mercurio Bua‘s men also take part in the looting of the area.
Oct.LombardyHe follows della Rovere to Sannazzaro de’ Burgondi for a meeting with Saint-Pol. He returns to Bergamo and pursues the landsknechts of the Duke of Brunswick when they retreat to Germany: many Germans are killed on the road by peasants.
May100 lancesVeneto, RomagnaHe goes to the Collegio in Venice. The Council of the Wise appoints him as governor to Ravenna, replacing Tommaso di Costanzo. He will hold this position until the following November.
Dec.77 lancesRomagnaAt the conclusion of the war with the Imperialists, 250 horses of his company are sent to be quartered in the Treviso area and 62 in the Paduan area.
Jan. – June50 men-at-armsWith the reduction of military expenses, his company’s personnel is also downsized. In June, 3 of his men-at-arms are dismissed due to age limits.
Nov.VenetoIn Venice, at the Collegio, he requests that upon his death, his command be granted to his son.
MayVenetoHe welcomes Francesco Maria della Rovere in Venice.
June50 lancesVenetoHe is present in Montorio Veronese for the review of his men held by Cristoforo Capello. He is noted alongside della Rovere at the Campo di Marte and attends the display of 2400/3000 selected from the territory.
Oct.50 lances, 100 light cavalryVenetoHe settles permanently in Treviso. His residence is located near the church of San Niccolò.
Mar.VenetoHe organizes a joust in Treviso, but he is unable to attend due to gout.
1537VenetoUpon the withdrawal of the Turks from Corfu, he proposes, albeit in vain, to the Venetians to promote an insurrectionary action in Morea.
1541Veneto, Lombardy, SwitzerlandHe is tasked with escorting the French ambassador, Antonio Rincon, with his light cavalry from the Venetian territory, through the Valtellina to Chur, as he returns from Constantinople and heads to France.
1542VenetoLong afflicted with gout, he dies in Treviso. He is buried in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, the same sanctuary where thirty years earlier his prisoner, Girolamo Miani, had offered his chains as a votive offering to the Madonna. In 1882, the sanctuary becomes the property of the Order of the Somaschi, founded by Miani himself after his imprisonment and subsequent release. The sarcophagus containing Mercurio Bua is the work of the Lombard sculptor Agostino Busto, known as il Bambaia, originally intended for the musicologist Franchino Gaffurio and stolen by the condottiero from the Certosa di Pavia during the sack of the city in 1528. Immortalized by Lorenzo Lotto in “Portrait of a Gentleman,” now housed in the Galleria Borghese in Rome. In 1510, Emperor Maximilian of Austria granted him the following coat of arms: a double-headed eagle, symbolizing both the Byzantine Empire and the Holy Roman Empire, a Burgundian cross, and four letter Bs used by both the Paleologos and the Habsburg Order of the Golden Fleece. He married Caterina Boccali, daughter of Niccolò, in his first marriage, and Elisabetta Barbi in his second.


-“Uomo valoroso e di singolar perizie della guerra.” BARBARO

-“E’ homo che non ama molto la ubidientia.” SANUDO

-“Valente homo, che altre volte per la guerra del Taro scanpò dela Signoria se dise cum cavali 200, et altri dise cum 100, et chi cum 300.” AMASEO

-Con Domenico Busicchio “I quali in quella sorte di militia furono.. valentissimi fra tutti gli altri huomini di quella natione.” GIOVIO

-“Huomo forte..valoroso guerriero.” P. GIUSTINIAN

-“Tres gaillant homme et moult adroict, scelon la mode de leur pays, lequel avecques luy avoit cent Albanoys, tous gens de trye pour le mestier de la guerre.” J. D’AUTON

-“Ne l’armi valoroso, ardito e franco/ nato nel mondo in sì felice augurio/ che mai si trova in le battaglie stanco/…/ Era il signor mercurio valoroso/ al bon stipendio del leon tornato/ entrò con corso horrendo, e furioso/ ne la battaglia il cavallier pregiato/ con cento stradiotti a la leggiera/ uniti e ben armati in una schiera./…/ Sopra un caval turchesco era quel giorno/ che fu ben certo de li avantaggiati/ Mercurio ardito, e di tutte arme adorno, s’ che parea l’honor di altri soldati/ sempre girando il campo d’ogni intorno/ con li soi franchi cavallier pregiati/ tagliando, & uccidendo in ogni parte/ come se stato fusse un novo marte./…/  Era Mercurio fra le schiere entrato,/ qual fra li armenti un lupo suol entrare, e con la lancia sei ne mandò al prato/ anzi che la potesse indi spezzare./ Poi trasse fuor la spada ch’avea a lato/ e cominciò sue forze a dimostrare/ tagliando gambe, e braccia in ogni canto,/ tal ch’un hector troian non faria tanto.”  DEGLI AGOSTINI

-“E duecento albanesi e stradioti/ Ben a caval con lanze e simitare/ Nel arme sperti e son nel sangue iori/ Più che moscon e cercar briga e fare/ Sempre inimici han fracassati e rotti/ Salton repari fossi e muri e sbare/ Lor capitano è monsignor mercore /De forze e de virtù un novel ercore.” DE’ SORCI

-“… ecco doppi costui l’oltramontano/ signor Mercurio che per dar socorso/ a Spagna viene con cento homeni d’armi/ che proprio Achille in sella veder parmi/…Costui ne l’indorata sua bandiera/ de verde spine una corona porta/ con li tre chiodi dove già la vera/ humanità de Christo restò morta.” CANDELFINO

-“Bua’s life and heroic achievements were hymned in a very long epic poem written in vernacular Greek by Tzanes (Ioannes) Coroneos. The latter was born in Zakynthos (weatern Greek island) and iis assumed that as a stratioti-trombadour. This poem was found in a manuscript in Italy and was published partially by C. Hopf and entire by K. Sathas. It was written in 1519 when Coroneos was in Venice and refers to Bua’s history till 1517. It consists of about 4500 rhyming verses and contains valuable historical information. Coroneos wrote and sent to Bua also a smaller poem (“pittakion”) of about 125 verses in Greek language too.” WWW.ENADEMIC.COM

-“ll Bua si rese celebre anche per la presa del castello di Quero, un fortilizio veneziano costruito lungo il Piave ai piedi delle Prealpi bellunesi: un poemetto celebrativo greco del secolo XVI narra che il Bua si gettò a nuoto nel fiume, seguito dai suoi, aggirando i difensori e cogliendolo di sorpresa. Prigioniero d’eccellenza fu il capitano del castello, Gerolamo Emiliani, appartenente alla famiglia patrizia dei Miani, il quale incatenato e costretto a seguire gli stradiotti del Bua nelle loro scorribande nell’alto trevigiano (e mai incarcerato nelle segrete del castello come si crede), sarebbe poi stato miracolosamente liberato per intercessione della madonna. Rientrato a Treviso dopo la prigionia, il Miani portò in ex voto le proprie catene (ancora oggi visibili) al venerato affresco della Madonna col Bambino, nella chiesa di S. Fosca in santa maria maggiore.” WIKIPEDIA 

-Nel 1602 viene eretto a sua memoria, nella stessa chiesa di San Giorgio, un mausoleo che riporta la seguente epigrafe. “Inclyto, ac victoriosiss. Mercurio Bua. Epirotae a pri/ scis Budiae principib. gloriosus oriundo. Qui aetatis an/ no recipiens XIV in omnib. sui tempi. graviss. Europae ex/ peditionib. dux selectior. equitum, strattiorum prae/ cipue: et militiae ductor, etiam generalis pro Veneta re/ pub. primo pro rege Parthenop. pro regulis multis,/ pro urbae Pisana, pro rege hyspaniar., pro Romano Pontifi/ ce, pro Gallor. rege, pro sacro Caes. maiestate, summas/ adeptus victorias vexillis plurimis captis. Regibus ad/ versis, ac ducib. vulneratis, vinctisq.; et propre/ rea numerosis armis, ac gloriosis insignis a tot sum/ mis principib. cohonestatus, aureis torquib. summi pre/ cii prae lapill. ac unionib. decoratus, spoliis, atq. opi/ mis praedis donatus, quas Illico militibus liberaliss./ condonabit. Castror. etiam, ac terras ditatus mune/ re, ut et Rochaesiccae, et Aquini, et Ilacis, et suavis/ alior. q.; locorum fuerit comes, ac dominus, demum defun/ cto B. Alviano Venet. copiar. imperator clariss. quo/ cum prius etiam conflictarat, statim suffectus, pluri/ bus insignibus provinclis expeditis, ad caelestis militiae/ exercitibus perfruendum Tarvisio tandem gloriosus evolavit.”

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Roberto Damiani
Roberto Damiani
Roberto Damiani è l'autore del sito Condottieri di ventura.