Biographical notes on War Captains and Mercenary Leaders operating in Italy between 1330 and 1550

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Konrad Von Weitingen’s Strategic Mastery in 14th-Century Warfare

Currently an obscure name, yet immensely renowned in his era. A brave and faithful warrior, in contrast to his brother Lutz

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Last Updated on 2024/01/28

Revisiting the Battlefield: The Remarkable Journey of Corrado Lando.

CORRADO LANDO / KONRAD VON WEITINGEN (Corrado d’Alemagna, Corrado Tedesco, Corrado Witinguer di Landau, Corrado Gottinger). Count. Son or nephew of Count Lando, brother of Lucio Lando (Lutz von Landau) and Everardo Lando.

Death: 1403 (February)

Year, monthState, Comp. venturaOpponentConductActivity AreaActions taken and other salient facts
1358
Aug. – Sept.ForlìChurchRomagnaHe fights in the Great Company of his father (or uncle) under the employ of Francesco Ordelaffi against the papal forces. He ensures that the lord of Forlì pays the men of the company by handing over some prisoners in his power, such as the son of Count Bandino da Montegranelli and two sons of Count of Ghiaggiolo Ramberto Malatesta, whose ransom has been valued at 4000 florins.
1359
JuneComp. venturaFlorenceUmbria, TuscanyHe is stationed in the Perugian and Sienese territories.
JulyTuscanyHe crosses the territory of Volterra, entering the Pisan area with his father, Amerigo del Cavalletto, and Anichino di Baumgarten. They pass through Laiatico, Fabbrica, and Peccioli. They move beyond Scopeto di Treggiaia under Forcoli and camp between Ponsacco and Petriolo, plundering everything up to Collesalvetti. Cevoli is set ablaze; after a week, he reaches an agreement with the representative of the emperor, lord of Pisa and Lucca, in the church of Vicopisano. Having received 2000 florins from the inhabitants, he crosses the Arno below Cascina and via Cerbaia reaches Borgo a Buggiano in the Pescia countryside, where he raids much livestock and takes many prisoners.
1365FlorenceTuscanyThe Florentines hand over 16,000 florins to him.
1370
Jan.FlorenceMilan170 lancesHe is hired by the Florentines along with his brothers Lucio and Everardo to confront John Hawkwood.
1372
Nov.MilanChurch400 lancesEmiliaHe serves under Galeazzo Visconti. He is noted for his defense of Piacenza, which is attacked by the papal forces.
Dec.Comp. venturaLuccaTuscanyHe prepares to raid the territory of Lucca; he devastates the land alongside Giovanni degli Obizzi; he obtains, through the treachery of the castle’s commander, the fortress of Moriano.
1373
Jan.MilanChurchTuscany, EmiliaThe people of Lucca receive reinforcements from the Estensi and move to confront the mercenaries. The arrival in the region of Count Amedeo di Savoia and Enguerrand de Coucy forces Si reca a Milano con il fratello Lucio. Deve ritirare la dote della figlia naturale di Bernabò Visconti, Isabella, sposata con il congiunto.

to leave Moriano and move to Lunigiana. He is recalled from Tuscany by Visconti to face the papal forces led by John Hawkwood and Dondaccio da Piacenza in the Piacentine region. Francesco d’Este joins his troops. However, he fails to effectively oppose the devastations wrought by the adversaries.
Feb.MilanChurch400 lancesEmiliaHe takes part in the conquest of Castel San Giovanni. He is noted for guarding Piacenza.
Mar.VenicePadua300 lancesVenetoHe parts ways with Galeazzo Visconti and enters into the service of the Venetians to fight against the Carraresi.
Dec.Comp. venturaLuccaTuscanyHe harasses the territory of Lucca.
1374
……….PiedmontIn Canavese, under the employ of the abbot of San Benigno.
……….ChurchMilanEmiliaUnder the employ of Pope Gregory XI, he confronts the Viscontei.
1375
Feb.PiedmontHe allies with Bertoldo di Monaco to operate near Vercelli.
Dec.FlorenceChurchGeneral captainTuscany, UmbriaThe Eight of War of Florence appoint him as the general captain against the papal forces: he is entrusted with 2 banners, one of the commune and another on which is written in golden letters “Liberty.” He is sent with 500 lances and a contingent of infantry to aid the Perugians who have rebelled against the Church State.
1376
Mar.EmiliaIn Bologna, where he supports the revolt of the inhabitants against the papal authorities.
Apr.LombardyHe goes to Milan with his brother Lucio. He must collect the dowry of Bernabò Visconti’s natural daughter, Isabella, married to the relative.
JuneRomagnaHe defeats the English and Germans serving in the army of the State of the Church. He captures 200 of their horses.
Dec.LazioHe is sent to upper Lazio with his brother Lucio to aid Francesco di Vico.
1377
Sept.MarcheWith his brothers Lucio and Everardo, he wins at Matelica (where he commands the cavalry on the left wing) against the opponents led by Rodolfo da Varano. At the end of the fight, he is knighted.
1379
Aug.Comp. venturaFermoAbruzzo, MarcheHe leaves Abruzzi; with Giovanni degli Ubaldini, he supports Rinaldo da Monteverde against the inhabitants of Fermo. Repelled, he moves to Montegiorgio with 1500 horses and 1500 infantry.
1380
Feb.MarcheAt the end of the month, he is still hosted with his brother Lucio in Montegiorgio by Rinaldo da Monteverde.
Mar.Comp. venturaFermoMarcheHe plunders the Fermano area with Lucio Lando and Rinaldo da Monteverde. He sends 60 horses on a reconnaissance mission towards Casaglia while another 300 lie in ambush on the Tenna in the Pontigiana district. The inhabitants of Fermo pursue the former and fall into the ambush: they suffer the loss of six men, while another 60 are captured and taken to Montegiorgio.
Apr.MarcheHe moves away from the Fermano area.
JuneComp. venturaFermo, RiminiMarche, RomagnaAlong with Giovanni degli Ubaldini, he joins Niccolò da Monteverde to aid the fortress of Montefalcone Appennino, where Rinaldo da Monteverde is besieged by the Fermani. Upon hearing of the latter’s capture and subsequent execution, he moves against Fermo and devastates its surrounding territory. He receives supplies from Rodolfo da Varano; he leaves the Fermano area only after being paid 1500 florins. He heads towards the lands of the Malatesta, who provide him with another 1200 ducats to avoid troubles from his company in the territories of Fossombrone, Senigallia, Fano, Pesaro, and Rimini.
………..DurazzoNaplesCampaniaHe serves under the command of Giovanni Unghero, general captain of the pretender to the throne of Naples, Carlo di Durazzo, against the troops of Queen Giovanna d’Angiò led by Ottone di Brunswick.
1381
Apr.Comp. venturaRiminiRomagna, MarcheHe is in Faenza and Ravenna; together with Boino, Corrado di Altinberg, Angelino d’Austria, and Amerigo Unghero, he forms a company of 2000 cavalry and 1000 infantry, with which he moves to the March of Ancona.
May – JuneSienaTuscanyHe is enlisted for two months by the Sienese with his men: the compensation is set at 17000 florins, which are delivered to him in Lucignano at the beginning of June.
JulyPerugiaUmbriaHe is contacted by the Perugians to drive out Branca Guelfucci from Città di Castello, who has seized control of the place. The Perugians soon regret this request and revoke all his mandates. Lando threatens to raid their territory; as compensation for the missed salaries, he obtains a reimbursement of 800 florins.
Oct.UmbriaWith Pietro di Veri, he signs an agreement in the convent of the Minor Friars of Isola Romanesca (Bastia Umbra) with the Florentines, promising not to act for three months to the detriment of the Republic and its allies.
1382
…………Florence
Oct.Comp. venturaSienaTuscanyHe joins forces with John Hawkwood and raids through Sienese territory: he reaches the mill of the Abbess, Buonconvento, and Torrita di Siena, damaging the countryside as they pass through.
Nov.ChurchCampaniaHe heads to the Kingdom of Naples with John Hawkwood.
1384
Nov.Comp. venturaSienaTuscanyWith John Hawkwood, Giovanni degli Ubaldini, and Rinaldo Orsini, he takes the road to Anghiari and Borgo San Sepolcro (Sansepolcro) and enters Sienese territory. He plunders the area.
1386
JulyOrdelaffiForlìRomagnaHe supports Giovanni Ordelaffi in his attempt to seize control of the lordship of Forlì at the expense of his relatives, Cecco and Pino.
1387
Feb.Comp. venturaBologna, ForlìVeneto, Emilia, RomagnaHe leaves Padua, reaches Ferrara, and joins with his brother Lucio to harass the Bolognese area; by mid-month, he arrives at San Martino in the Forlì region (2000 cavalry). Attacked at Castrocaro Terme by Cecco and Pino Ordelaffi, he is defeated and captured along with 100 lances. The two Ordelaffis soon put the rest of the mercenaries to flight at Russi.
Aug.MilanVeronaRomagnaHe is hired by Carlo Malatesta on behalf of the Visconti to block the passage of Bernardo della Sala, led by Antonio della Scala.
Dec.Comp. venturaPisa, Siena, Lucca, FirenzeTuscanyYou are correct, my apologies for the oversight. Let me correct that:
He joins forces with Bernardo della Sala, Guido d’Asciano, and Everardo della Campana; he abandons the Sienese territory and takes the road to Casoli and Volterra; at the instigation of the Florentines, he camps at Bagno ad Acqua. He then proceeds through Valdarno to San Casciano dei Bagni, San Savino, Sant’Agostino, and San Giusto alle Monache, until Piero Gaetani, who is serving in the company, manages to agree with the Pisans on a ransom of 8000 florins (4000 immediately in velvet pieces and 4000 to be collected only after leaving the territory). This does not prevent the mercenaries from capturing more than a hundred people, including men and youths, as well as plundering donkeys, sheep, oxen, and pigs totaling over a thousand head. Lando leaves Cascina, stops at Cevoli, Casciana, and Bagno ad Acqua, continuing his usual plundering. The Sienese recognize another 9000 florins to the company, the Lucchese 4000, and the Florentines 7000 (delivered at Peccioli). At the end of the month, he takes the road to Laiatico and Fabbrica and arrives near Volterra.
1388
Jan.UmbriaStop at Colle di Val d’Elsa. He proceeds towards Perugia.
Feb. – Mar.Comp. venturaPerugia, ChurchUmbriaHe traverses the lands of Fontignano and Castiglion Fosco with Bernardo della Sala and Guido d’Asciano. He arrives beneath the walls of Spello and plunders as far as Assisi.
Apr.UmbriaHe is confronted by 400 lances hired by Pope Urban VI. The adversaries under the command of Ugolino Trinci force him to leave the region along with the other condottieri.
MayPisaComp. venturaTuscanyIn Pisa, he persuades Vanni d’Appiano to convince Bertoldo Saer and Guido d’Asciano to cease their incursions in exchange for a compensation of 13,000 florins.
JuneUmbriaIn Cannara, located in the Perugia region.
Sept.Comp. venturaUmbria, MarcheHe stops in the Foligno area with Hawkwood. Together, the two condottieri form a company of 3,000 horsemen and undertake numerous raids in the Marche region. After a short period, they part ways; 1,000 horsemen remain with Lando, while the others follow Hawkwood.
Nov.PerugiaComp. venturaUmbriaHe is hired by the Perugians to counter Everardo della Campana, Bernardo della Sala, and Guido d’Asciano, who had established themselves in Cannara. Together with Giovanni Beltoft, he forces the mercenaries to abandon the area. For his actions, he is granted an annual provision of 500 florins and citizenship by the authorities of Perugia.
1389
Jan.Comp. venturaSienaTuscanyHe once again joins forces with John Hawkwood and Bernardo della Sala to plunder Siena, advancing as far as the city gates. They set fire to Rosia and linger there for fifteen days in vain hopes of unrest within the city.
Mar.EmiliaIn the Bolognese region with 2,000 horsemen.
JuneComp. venturaPerugiaUmbriaHe enters the Perugia region, requesting a ransom of 2,000 florins from the municipality to spare their territory from plunder. He then proceeds to the Marche region.
JulyComp. venturaFermoMarcheHe penetrates into the Marche region with over 1,000 horsemen. He negotiates an agreement with Boldrino da Panicale and the Papal legate, and together they attack Fermo.
Aug. – Sept.Comp. venturaSiena, MilanoTuscanyPressured by the Florentines, he plunders Siena alongside Hawkwood (3,000 horsemen and 1,000 infantry). He moves to Val di Chiana, where supplies are provided in Lucignano. He attacks Poggiolo until he is confronted by Paolo Savelli at Asinalonga (Sinalunga). After a seven-hour clash, he forces his opponent to retreat. He shifts to Scialenga in Val d’Arbia, passing through San Sano, returning to Sant’Innocenzo, Montalcino, and Camigliano, leaving fires and theft in his wake. He sets Cuna ablaze and returns to San Sano, San Giovanni, Bucano, and Castiglioncello del Trinoro, constantly pursued by Paolo Savelli. He assaults Monteguidi with Hawkwood, but after being repelled and wounded in the engagement, he takes refuge in Colle di Val d’Elsa.
Nov.TuscanyHe arrives at Olmo near Arezzo, accompanied by over 1,500 oxen and other livestock, which are later sold in the Florentine territory.
Dec.FlorenceMilan300 lancesLazioIn Gaeta, he is contacted by the Florentines.
1390
Apr.BolognaMilan300 lancesRomagnaWith Corrado Prospero, he is defeated by Carlo Malatesta near Rimini.
Dec.FlorenceMilanEmilia, VenetoHe reaches Bologna with 200 lances, but after two days, he moves to Padua to continue the war against Count of Virtù Gian Galeazzo Visconti in the Vicenza and Verona regions.
1391
……….Tuscany, LombardyHe is moved from the Sienese border to Padua to support Hawkwood in his upcoming offensive towards Lombardy. In his company, many Bretons serve as well.
JuneVeneto, LombardyTogether with Hawkwood, he defeats Taddeo dal Verme first on the Adige and then at Civilerghe di Mazzano. In the second clash, leading 300 lances, he ambushes the Viscontean captain who is pursuing Hawkwood with an equal number of lances. Among the enemies, 300 men die in combat or drown in the nearby river, and 300 horses are captured. With the victory, Konrad Von Weitingen takes the lead of the troops, positioning numerous archers and crossbowmen on the flanks to safeguard their march.
JulyLombardy, VenetoHe continues to support Hawkwood during his famous retreat from the Cremonese to Padua. He participates in the Battle of Paterno, commanding 500 lances. He is placed in ambush in a thicket, and the men of the anti-Visconti league start retreating in his direction. The adversaries fall into the trap, and Konrad Von Weitingen attacks, sealing their fate. 400 horses are captured, while another 400 are killed or drown in a nearby river.
Aug.TuscanyHe returns to Tuscany, and for his merits, the Florentines grant him a lifetime pension of 1,200 florins at the end of the month. Additionally, various silver items, including 8 large chalices, 22 cups, and 2 basins, all crafted by the Florentine goldsmith Giacomo di ser Zelli (with a total value of 472 florins), are gifted to his captains.
1392
MayFlorenceTuscanyHe takes part in a jousting tournament in Florence, commanding a team dressed in white against another team dressed in red, led by Antonio da Palagio of the Guidi counts. In the tournament, 80 knights compete. The prize at stake, consisting of two lion figurines made of pearls, is divided between Konrad Von Weitingen and Fuzzolino Tedesco.
Sept.TuscanyHe is discharged. With the consent of the Florentines, he establishes his own company.
Oct.Comp. venturaFlorenceTuscanyHe departs from Florence and goes to Castelfiorentino with 600 horsemen, where he is joined by many other mercenaries. He plunders the Florentine territory, taking prisoners and seizing livestock. Internal conflicts quickly disband the company.
Nov.UmbriaHe crosses the territory of Città di Castello and reaches Perugia with 200 horsemen. Together with the Lord of Urbino, Antonio da Montefeltro, he pays homage to Pope Boniface IX.
1393
Feb.FlorenceSienaTuscanyAlongside Biordo dei Michelotti and Azzo da Castello, he requests money from the Sienese, and they are offered 4,300 ducats (or 3,600 florins according to some sources), of which 300 are immediately handed over.
Apr.Urbino, Comp. ventura, ………Rimini, ………, Florence, Bologna, FerraraUmbriaHe finds himself in the territory of Gubbio, seizes Cantiano, and besieges Francesco da Cantiano in the fortress. He joins forces with Giovanni da Barbiano, Michelotti, and Azzo da Castello, forming a company of 2,500 horsemen and many infantry. Their objective is to impose levies on all those states that refuse to recognize their pay. Such is their fear that the Florentines grant a penny to him and Michelotti, the Bolognese to Barbiano, and the Estensi to Azzo da Castello.
Aug.ForlìRiminiRomagnaHe offers his services to the Ordelaffi family to fight against the Malatesta. He plunders the territories of his adversaries and then leaves Forlì. However, he falls into an ambush at Bosecchio and is captured along with 800 others.
Oct.TuscanyIn Florence.
Nov.Together with Biordo dei Michelotti, he receives 80 florins per month from the people of Lucca. In the following year, between May and August, the two condottieri will collect an additional 480 florins.
1394
Jan.Città di CastelloPerugiaUmbriaWith Azzo da Castello, he reaches an agreement with Città di Castello to enter the service of the city in the following November. His task is to fight against Michelotti.
Apr.TuscanyHe accepts money from the Florentines and commits to not causing harm to their territories or those of the Republic’s allies for one year.
MayPerugiaChurchUmbriaHe opposes the Papal condottieri Ceccolo Broglia, Brandolino Brandolini, and Giovanni Tedesco da Pietramala. He arrives at Ponte San Giovanni with Biordo dei Michelotti but finds himself outnumbered compared to the adversaries. With Ceccolino dei Michelotti, he chooses not to engage in a pitched battle but instead conducts raids to hinder the Perugian exiles in their disruptive actions in the countryside.
July – Aug.Comp. venturaSiena, Pisa, ForlìUmbria, Tuscany, RomagnaAbbandona il perugino con Biordo dei Michelotti ed Azzo da Castello per depredare il senese ed il pisano. Ricevuti dai due comuni 20000 fiorini, grazie agli ambasciatori del signore di Milano, si rovescia sulla Romagna contro Forlì e contro tutti coloro che non vogliano riconoscere alcuna taglia alla compagnia. Al termine delle incursioni (agosto), i tre condottieri transitano per Forlì: il Lando si reca a Ravenna, il Michelotti rientra a Perugia ed Azzo da Castello punta su Ferrara.
1395
Mar.Florence, Bolognad’EsteEmiliaHe is sent with 600 lances to aid the Marquis of Ferrara, Niccolò d’Este, in opposing Azzo d’Este.
Apr.RomagnaAzzo d’Este is defeated and captured in the Battle of Portomaggiore.
JuneFlorenceForlìRomagnaHe confronts the Ordelaffi and is sent to conquer the fortress of Castrocaro Terme, which the Republic of Florence has recently acquired from the Papal States for 11,000 florins, but the castellan is reluctant to surrender. He constructs two bastions and besieges the stronghold.
Aug.RomagnaHe is confronted by Brandolino Brandolini and Ceccolo Broglia, who defeat him at the gates of Faenza, near Oriolo dei Fichi.
1397
Mar.FlorenceMilan2000 horsesLombardyHe moves with 2,000 horsemen and 1,000 infantry to Lombardy to provide assistance to the Lord of Mantua, Francesco Gonzaga, who is threatened by the machinations of the Visconti.
Aug.LombardyHe participates in the Battle of Governolo, where he commands the first strong contingent of 2,000 horsemen. He initiates the first attack and clashes with Ottobono Terzi, who is thrown to the ground, as are Frignano da Sesso and other Visconti horses. He attempts to capture Terzi, who defends himself on the ground with an axe, along with da Sesso. Eventually, the two rival captains are helped back onto their steeds by their squires. Later in the battle, Corrado Lando supports Conte da Carrara against the second line led by Francesco Visconti and Filippo da Pisa.
Nov.UmbriaIn the territory of Città di Castello, he demands money from the local community with the promise not to harm their territory.
1399
Feb.MilanTuscanyHe enters Pisa with Antonio Porro, Terzi, and Galeazzo da Mantova (3,000 horsemen and 1,500 infantry) during the transfer of the lordship of the city from Gherardo d’Appiano to Duke Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan.
1403
Feb.TuscanyHe withdraws to Pisa and eventually passes away in the city. He is buried in the cathedral of Pisa.

Sources

-“Strenuus, et fidelis, ac fidelissimus miles.” Da una cronaca riportata dal POGGIALI

-Con Giovanni di Raten, Flach di Risach, Everardo della Campana, Lucio Lando, Everardo Lando “Their names are obscure today, but they were well known and much in demand in the middle decades od the fourteenth century.” CAFERRO

-“Strenuus et fidelis ac fidelissimus.” Giovanni dei Mussi (Chronicon Placentinum) riportato da CIUCCIOVINO

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Roberto Damiani
Roberto Damiani
Roberto Damiani è l'autore del sito Condottieri di ventura.