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Biographical notes on War Captains and Mercenary Leaders operating in Italy between 1330 and 1550

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From Battlefields to Hospitals: Bonifacio Lupo’s Life

Italian CondottieriFrom Battlefields to Hospitals: Bonifacio Lupo's Life

A prudent condottiero of great experience, loyal, a man of few words but with a big heart. He is buried in Padua in the Basilica of Saint Anthony. In Florence, he initiated the construction of two hospitals, one for men and one for women, intended for poor beggars and the sick.

Indice delle Signorie dei Condottieri: ABCDEFGIJLMNOPQRSTUVZ

Bonifacio Lupo: The Prudent Condottiero of Padua

Bonifacio Lupo (Bonifacio Lupi) of Parma. Exiled. Marquis of Soragna. Son of Ugolotto Lupo, brother of Raimondo Lupo, uncle of Ugolotto Biancardo, cousin of Antonio Lupo and Simone Lupo. Nephew of Pietro dei Rossi, Marsilio dei Rossi, and Rolando dei Rossi.

Born: 1316
Death: 1391 (March)

Year, monthState, Comp. venturaOpponentConductActivity AreaActions taken and other salient facts
………..VenetoHis education takes place in Padua in the house of his uncles, the Rossi, located in the San Fermo district.
1345 – 1347The lord of Milan, Luchino Visconti, seizes Soragna. His family appeals to the emperor. In September 1347, Charles of Bohemia signs a decree in Prague recognizing his father Ugolino and his older brother Raimondo’s feudal rights over Soragna and Castione dei Marchesi.
MayEmiliaHe travels to Milan with his father Ugolino. The lord of the city, Archbishop Giovanni Visconti, grants them a safe-conduct to inspect the state of their assets in the Parma region.
Feb.EmiliaUpon his father’s death, he must return to exile by the will of Giovanni Visconti, also lord of Parma. He is forced to renounce all imperial noble titles (the investiture of Soragna) and live in Padua (where he continues to stay in the San Fermo district) after providing a deposit of 10,000 florins.
Mar.VenetoHe lives in Padua at the court of the lord of the city, Francesco da Carrara.
Feb.EmpireHe is enfeoffed with Soragna by Charles of Bohemia. At the same time, he is released from any oath of loyalty to the Visconti.
JuneThe emperor grants him in fief (in reality, only nominally) Crema, Pizzighettone, Castelnuovo Bocca d’Adda, all locations under Visconti control.
1355TrentinoHe is appointed governor of Castel Pietra di Fiera di Primiero in Valsugana.
Feb.Charles of Bohemia appoints him as his counselor and grants him an annual pension of 300 florins (700 to his brother Raimondo).
Apr.LazioHe is in Rome when Charles of Bohemia is crowned emperor.
Dec.VenetoAt the end of the month, he is admitted to the Venetian nobility by Doge Giovanni Gradenigo.
Mar.LazioHe is at the borders of the Patrimony of Saint Peter; here, he is contacted by papal ambassadors who want to know his intentions, particularly whether he is in the service of the lord of Milan. One of his brothers, in fact, is fighting in Bologna for the Visconti.
Apr.FlorenceComp. ventura30 barbute (helmets)TuscanyHe is in Florence to oppose the Great Company of Konrad von Landau (Conte Lando).
JuneFlorencePisaGeneral captainTuscanyHe is sent by Francesco da Carrara to aid the Florentines. They ask his opinion on the defense of Pietrabuona, which is surrounded by battifolli (siege works) by the Pisans. After an inspection, he advises abandoning its defenses as the defenders are exhausted. The location falls into the hands of the adversaries. In mid-month, Bonifacio Lupo is appointed captain of war by the Florentines; he receives the insignia of his office only when the astrological point is deemed favorable. He has 16 trebuchets built. With reinforcements from Pistoia, Arezzo, and Roberto di Battifolle, he has at his disposal 1,600 cavalry and 5,000 infantry. The Gonfaloniere of Justice, Zato Passavanti, hands him the insignia of captain general on the date recommended by the astrologer. The Florentines set out a few days later with the blessing of the Church and again following the astrologer’s indication of the most propitious moment for the campaign. The Florentine advisors who accompany him disagree with his strategy to strike the Pisans in Valdera; they prefer a raid into the Lucca area. Bonifacio Lupo does not deviate from his plan; he moves from Pescia, in Val di Nievole, towards Fucecchio and Castelfranco. He penetrates Valdera, advancing as far as Peccioli; at the end of the month, the castle of Ghezzano surrenders to him, with the people spared.
JulyMarshalTuscanyHe is prohibited from continuing his offensive action; the Eight of War replace him in command with Rodolfo da Varano. While awaiting the arrival of the new captain general, Bonifacio Lupo raids Valdera, reaches Padule, and captures the castles of San Pietro and Forcoli. He sacks the entire territory up to the outskirts of Pisa: a total of 33 castles, fortresses, and villages are stormed and set on fire, with more than 600 houses burned. He enters Cascina and continues his policy of terror; in Riglione Oratoio, he holds three races (one for swindlers, one for gambling house keepers, and one for prostitutes). He devastates the countryside of Putignano and returns to Peccioli. The Pisans do not accept a pitched battle at Fosso Armonico. Lacking the necessary supplies, Bonifacio Lupo moves to Petriolo while waiting for the new captain. To keep his men active, he sends 400 barbute (helms) and ungheri (Hungarian soldiers), as well as 500 infantry, under the command of Leoncino dei Pannocchieschi, into the Maremma region towards Montescudaio. They return to camp with 1,200 buffaloes, 900 cows, many calves, more than 1,000 pigs, and other small livestock. Bonifacio Lupo renounces his share of the loot to leave it to those who participated in the action. Rodolfo da Varano receives the insignia of command from him at Petriolo, and Bonifacio Lupo is appointed his marshal. A few days later, however, he feigns illness, travels to Florence, and requests permission to return to Veneto because he is not in agreement with the conduct of Rodolfo da Varano. Rodolfo’s approach is much more cautious than his own, seeming indecisive in seeking battle with the Pisans. This is exemplified by Rodolfo’s management of the siege of Peccioli. The priors and the Eight of War begin to realize they made a mistake in changing the captain general. The Florentines deny him permission and beg him to stay to prod Rodolfo da Varano. He is sent back to the camp at Peccioli with 1,000 crossbowmen and 200 cavalry.
Aug.TuscanyPeccioli falls into the hands of the Florentines; Bonifacio Lupo prevents the town from being sacked. Aldobrandino Orsini enters the town with his company and three citizens of Florence who take possession peacefully. The castellan surrenders at discretion and is imprisoned. At the same time, the castle of Pava also falls. The army camps at San Miniato. Here, 2,000 soldiers, disgruntled for not being allowed to plunder Peccioli, abandon the Florentine ranks, forming the Company of the Little Hat (Compagnia del Cappelletto). In the continuation of the campaign, Bonifacio Lupo captures Montecchio and sends numerous prisoners to the capital. He returns to Florence and knights Aldobrandino Orsini, who is taking leave of the city’s service. On the same occasion, Orsini knights his younger brother.
May – JuneTuscany, VenetoAt the end of the month, with Giovanni da Sasso and Neri da Montegarulli, he captures the castle of Pietrabuona near Pescia by surprise. The Pisans react at the beginning of the following month. They launch a general assault. After six hours, the signal for retreat is given: 64 ladders are abandoned near the walls. Two further attacks on the castle follow. The Florentines are caught unprepared. The fortress is set on fire, and the Pisans achieve victory. In the clash, Neri da Montegarulli is killed.
Apr.FlorencePisaTuscanyFrancesco da Carrara sends him back to aid the Florentines against the Pisans. He fights against the White Company (Compagnia Bianca) of Alberto Sterz and John Hawkwood (Giovanni Acuto), as well as 3,000 German barbute (helmets) led by Anichino di Baumgarten.
MayTuscanyThe adversaries attack Florence; despite orders, the inhabitants of the city frequently seek confrontation by venturing into the open field to fight against the Germans and the English instead of staying safe behind the fortifications. Together with Arrigo di Montfort, Manno Donati, and Giovanni Malatacca, Bonifacio Lupo repels an assault led by Anichino di Baumgarten at the Porta di San Gallo.
JulyTuscanyUnder the command of Galeotto Malatesta, he defeats John Hawkwood (Giovanni Acuto) at Cascina: the victory is facilitated by the promptness of him and Manno Donati, who strengthen the defenses of the road leading to San Savino and Pisa with the infantry of the Counts Guidi, the Aretines, and Ricceri Grimaldi with 400 Genoese crossbowmen. In the battle, there are over 1,000 dead; another 2,000 are taken prisoner.
Nov.PaduaHe is sent by Francesco da Carrara to Emperor Charles of Bohemia to persuade him to put pressure on the lord of Milan, Bernabò Visconti. He stays at the court for a while, until he is sent by the emperor as his ambassador to King Louis of Hungary to carry out the same mission. The Hungarian king hesitates because he has vowed to go to the Holy Land. Francesco da Carrara sends a messenger to Pope Urban V, pleading with him to release the King of Hungary from his vow, transforming it into a pilgrimage to Rome.
JuneHe is elected by the emperor as his knight and familiar. Charles of Bohemia renews the investiture of Soragna to him and his relatives Antonio, Raimondo, and Simone; additionally, they are granted citizenship in Parma, Cremona, Mantua, and Reggio Emilia.
Mar.FriuliTogether with Francesco da Carrara, he meets Emperor Charles of Bohemia in Udine. He leads the imperial troops towards Bologna, where they are to join forces with the militias of the anti-Visconti league.
MayPaduaMilanGeneral captainLombardyHe confronts the Visconti forces in the Serraglio of Mantua.
Jan.TuscanyAt the end of the month, for having facilitated the agreement between the commune and Emperor Charles of Bohemia, he is granted Florentine citizenship with particular fiscal privileges. He requests the privilege of being able to place his tomb in the Baptistery of Saint John the Baptist, but his request is not accepted.
Dec.TuscanyHe takes part in the defense of Florence with Raimondo da Varano following the defeat of Giovanni Malatacca at Fosso Armonico against John Hawkwood (Giovanni Acuto).
Jan.TuscanyHe distinguishes himself in the conquest of San Miniato. Following the recapture of the city, the Florentines reward his efforts with a prize of 1,500 florins. The same amount, and for the same reason, is also given to Giovanni Malatacca and Francesco degli Orlandini.
………MilanPaduaVenetoCaptured by the Carraresi, he returns to their service.
………PaduaMilanGeneral captainVenetoHe is reported to be in Monselice.
MayHungaryHe travels to King Louis of Hungary with Michele di Rabatta, Francesco Lion, and Guglielmo da Curtarolo on a diplomatic mission.
JulyPaduaVeniceVeneto, TuscanyHe participates in a war council held in the Palazzo della Ragione with Francesco da Carrara: he is part of it along with Simone Lupo and Rizzardo di San Bonifacio. Immediately after, he travels to Bologna with Argentino da Forlì to inform the papal legate about the situation concerning the upcoming conflict with the Venetians. Finally, he is in Florence to enlist the White Company (Compagnia Bianca) for the Carraresi.
Nov.VenetoHe moves to guard the Brentelle, near Padua, with Arcuano Buzzaccarini, Luigi Forzaté, Simone, and Antonio Lupo. He takes up the defense of the Riviera from Monselice to Bassanello when Rinieri da Baschi raids the Euganean Hills. After several days of skirmishes, the Venetian army is forced to abandon the embankments and retreat.
Jan. – Mar.Veneto, FriuliHe serves as an ambassador to Venice on behalf of the Carraresi. After the failure of the diplomatic negotiations, he returns to Padua. The conflict with the Venetians resumes. He goes to Gorizia to meet with the Hungarian allies, who have just arrived with the Voivode of Transylvania, Stephen of Hungary (Stefano Unghero).
Apr.VenetoHe exits Padua through Porta Ognissanti with Francesco da Carrara at the head of 1,600 cavalry; he joins on the road with Benedetto and Stephen of Hungary (Stefano Unghero). The Carrarese militias are dressed in white surcoats with red crosses. The lord of Padua returns to the city and sends 400 wagons loaded with provisions to the camp. A few days later, the Archduke of Austria crosses the Piave River with 2,500 Hungarian cavalry to join the Paduan troops. Bonifacio Lupo assembles 4,000 sappers; they dig a trench in the lagoon at Curano and construct a bastion at Lova, completed during Easter week in just seven days. Venetian saboteurs set fire to his lodgings and those of Federico di Vallelonga, Giovanni da Peraga, and Arcuano Buzzaccarini. He repels the subsequent Venetian attack with the help of Stephen of Hungary (Stefano Unghero).
MayVenetoHe leaves Padua again through Porta Ognissanti (Il Portello) and camps at Boion with Marsilio da Carrara and Federico di Vallelonga; the following day, Voivode Stephen of Transylvania arrives with his men, allowing him to continue the trench digging.
JuneVenetoWith Rizzardo di San Bonifacio and the Hungarians, the decision is made to destroy the bastion of Buon Conforto or Medicina, built by Giberto da Correggio.
JulyVenetoPlaced in the vanguard of the Hungarian-Carrarese army, he, along with Stephen of Hungary (Stefano Ungaro), Antonio Lupo, Rizzardo di San Bonifacio, Bernardo, and Ranieri Scolari, faces the militias of the Serenissima. He is defeated and captured by Giberto da Fogliano near the bastion of Buon Conforto, but he is soon liberated by mercenaries in Venetian service along with his nephew Antonio. According to some Paduan sources, Bonifacio Lupo is aware of Marsilio da Carrara‘s conspiracy against his brother Francesco. Regardless, being highly respected in military matters, he meets with the lord of Padua and convinces him to seek peace with the Serenissima.
Aug. – Sept.VenetoHe oversees the negotiations with the Venetians, which will culminate in the signing of peace in September.
………He is invested with Castel Pietra di Fiera di Primiero.
Aug.VenetoHe is in Verona for the wedding of Taddea della Scala with Francesco Novello da Carrara.
Jan.VenetoHe is one of the procurators who establish the league between Padua and Venice against Duke Rudolph of Austria.
JulyVenetoHe travels to Venice with Rizzardo di San Bonifacio. Returning to Padua, he enters the service of the Serenissima to confront the troops of Duke Leopold of Austria in the Feltre area. During this period, he resides in Padua at Ponte Molino. He acquires land and houses near the city.
1377TuscanyHe purchases some land in Via San Gallo in Florence for 300 florins and begins the construction of two hospitals, one for men and one for women, intended for poor beggars and the sick; both are dedicated to Saint John the Baptist. The hospitals will be completed in 1387; for their construction, Bonifacio Lupo invests 25,000 florins and endows the two establishments with an annual income of 700 florins.
July – Aug.PaduaVeniceVenetoHe participates in the siege of Mestre with Francesco Novello da Carrara, who, by his father’s order, must follow his commands. A general attack is decided upon but proves unsuccessful: Bonifacio Lupo suffers heavy losses and is forced to call a retreat; he also has to break camp due to a plague that breaks out among his soldiers.
Aug.VenetoHe leaves Castelcarro with Simone Lupo. Immediately after the conquest of Chioggia, he travels to the city with the lord of Padua, Francesco da Carrara. In Padua, there are processions and a Te Deum for the victory; in Venice, there are processions and a Miserere in the church of San Marco.
JulyVenetoIn Cittadella for the initial peace negotiations with the Venetians.
………VenetoIn Treviso with Gerardo da Monteloro to request Feltre from the Duke of Austria.
July – Aug.VenetoIn consultation with Francesco da Carrara to study the clauses of the peace with the Venetians.
1382AustriaHe travels to Austria with Paganino da Sala, Gerardo da Monteloro, Francesco Lion, and Michele da Rabatta to negotiate the purchase of Feltre.
1383With Paganino da Sala, he signs the peace treaty with Leopold of Austria: Treviso thus comes into the hands of the Carraresi in exchange for 60,000 ducats (according to other sources, 80,000 ducats, plus an additional 20,000 for the mediator Hugh of Duino).
Nov.He is appointed by the Florentines as syndic to knight the Venetian Piero Emo, elected podestà of Florence.
Dec.The lord of Milan, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, grants him and his nephew Antonio permission to build a castle in the territory of Soragna at Cantone dei Manghi.
Jan.At the end of the month, with a formal notarial act, he transfers his crest to his nephew Ugolotto Biancardo.
Jan.VenetoHe obtains a mandate in Padua from Francesco da Carrara to conclude an alliance with Gian Galeazzo Visconti against the Scaligeri. He purchases some houses in the city.
………VenetoHe falls out with the lord of Padua. In the city, he serves as the moral representative of all foreigners.
June – JulyEmiliaHe travels to Florence for the last time. In mid-month, the hospital is inaugurated. At the beginning of July, he returns to Padua, where, after the death of Simone and the transfer of Antonio to Mantua, Bonifacio Lupo is the only representative of his family at the Carrarese court. He drafts his will, providing bequests to his wife Caterina and naming his nephew Ugolotto Biancardo, son of his sister Caterina, as his heir. Notably, at the end of January 1386, he has already transferred his war insignia to Ugolotto Biancardo.
Aug. – Dec.PaduaMilanVenetoPadua is attacked by the Visconti. Between summer and autumn, he finances the defense of the state by purchasing properties from the Carraresi in Bovolenta and Brugine for 16,000 ducats. The war goes poorly. Bonifacio Lupo quells some uprisings in Padua against the Carraresi. He convinces Francesco Novello da Carrara to surrender to the Count of Virtù and cede the castle of Padua. He remains in the city when the Carrarese is forced to abandon Padua. The council of elders appoints him captain of the people and captain of the city guard. The new circumstances allow him to continue increasing his wealth through financial speculation and real estate acquisitions. At the end of the conflict, he and his nephew Antonio receive permission from Gian Galeazzo Visconti to rebuild the fortress in Soragna, which still stands today.
June – Aug.VenetoFrancesco Novello da Carrara assaults Padua to reconquer the city. Bonifacio Lupo is contacted to collaborate with the attackers by creating a breach in the walls adjacent to his house. He refuses, staying true to his word given to the Visconti. He organizes the city’s defense with Governor Luchino Rusca, the nephews of Pietro dei Rossi, his cousin Simone Lupo, and the podestà Benedetto Visconti. In early August, he is forced into exile; he is not killed by Francesco Novello da Carrara (the Bonifacio Lupo killed in June is a namesake). His personal safety is safeguarded due to pressures in his favor from Florence. He retires with his wife to Venice, where he has already bought some houses since 1387.

-“Uomo prudente e di grande esperienza nell’arte militare, ma tanto libero e di sua opinione, che non pareva che stimasse i commessari datigli per consiglio, e non communicava con loro alcuno segreto, né di loro volontà faceva alcuna cosa.” L. ARETINO

-“Persona prudentissima e di grande esperienza nell’arte militare.” RONCIONI

-“Uomo grave e di gran fede verso i da Carrara, e di molta autorità appresso i Padovani.” BONIFACCIO

-“Di senno profondo e in lialtà e con utili consigli pasato hogn’altro cavalieri.” GATARI

-“Uomo quasi solitario, di poche parole, ma di grande cuore, di buono e savio consiglio, e maestro di guerra.. Uomo di onesta vita e di vergogna pauroso.” VILLANI

-“Molto servidore dell’imperatore.” VELLUTI

-“Magnificum enim longissime memorie laudem stilus attinget.” MARZAGAIA

-“Vir magna scientia rei militaris, magnaque virtute praeditus: sed ita liber, ac sui animi, ut cives sibi in consilium traditos nihil protinus aestimare videretur, nulla iis secreta aperiens, nil ex eorum voluntate agens.” SANT’ANTONINO

-Con Niccolò Terzi, Raimondo Lupo, Simone Lupo, Antonio Lupo, Cermisone da Parma, Ugolotto Biancardo, Ottobono Terzi, Ludovico Gabriotto Cantelli “Fra ‘ restauratori della fama militare Italiana, o fra i loro più prodi cooperatori.” PEZZANA

-“Uomo quasi solitario, e di poche parole, era di gran cuore, e di buono e savio consiglio, e maestro di guerra.” MANNI

-Nella guerra contro Pisa “I Fiorentin per la detta cagione/ Diliberar di far di Pisa strazio;/ Mandarvi l’oste, della qual campione/ Fu primamente messer Bonifazio.” PUCCI

-“Il Lupi e gli altri membri della sua famiglia si distinsero tra i “fideles” dei Carraresi come condottieri e come diplomatici; ma fu soprattutto il Lupi, quale rappresentante più eminente, a rivestire i più alti incarichi di ambasciatore e di stretto consigliere di Francesco il Vecchio, coltivando anche rapporti con la cerchia di Francesco Petrarca nella ricca temperie culturale padovana. Nell’ambiente padovano il Lupi manifestò il suo interesse nei confronti delle fondazioni religiose per mezzo di una serie di donazioni a favore dei minori, degli olivetani di S. Maria della Riviera e, soprattutto, dell’Arcella Nuova, che beneficiò tramite concessioni molto consistenti a Volta Brusegana, Mandria, Abano e Torreglia tra il 1380 e il 1384. Alle volontà del Lupi si deve la cappella funebre familiare di S. Giacomo, realizzata in una posizione di rilievo nella basilica padovana di S. Antonio..In essa le opere del pittore Altichiero, celebrato ritrattista della cerchia petrarchesca, e degli scultori Andriolo e Giovanni de’ Santi rappresentano un programma di autocelebrazione iconografica del Lupi come “miles iam belli clarus et armis”, della moglie Caterina Francesi, ma anche della corte carrarese, di Petrarca e del suo segretario Lombardo della Seta, a sua volta legato al Lupi da strettissimi da strettissimi rapporti personali e patrimoniali.” ANGIOLINI

-“Lo spedale voluto dal Lupi fu intitolato a San Giovanni Battista ma nel corso degli anni, per tutti, fu l’Ospedale del Messer Bonifazio. Il Lupi redasse un testamento pubblico, una copia del quale è ancor oggi presente nell’Archivio storico di Firenze in cui, oltre ad una rendita fissa annuale di circa 700 fiorini, si disponeva che i beni dotali dell’ospedale fossero amministrati da un patronato privato, gli uomini dell’Arte della Lana in Calimala. Oggi l’ospedale di Messer Bonifazio è la sede della Questura di Firenze. Il 9 luglio 1914 su “la Nazione” compariva la pianta dei terreni in vendita in San Gallo come aree fabbricative. Spariva, prima di un ospedale, la donazione di un uomo che si era conquistato con la spada la cittadinanza fiorentina e, con il suo spirito caritatevole, una memoria lunga più di sei secoli.”>bonifacio-lupi-il condottiero

-“Parmensis, vir magna scientia rei militaris virtute praeditus.” BRUNI

-(Costretto all’esilio da Parma dalla vittoriosa fazione dei da Correggio “Va al servizio dei Carraresi di Padova, lavora molto di mente e di braccio per questi, e alla fine muore in certo senso “collaborazionista” con il loro nemico, il Visconti di Milano, senza però che il suo onore di cavaliere ne esca menomato. Egli onora la parola data più ancora che gli speroni. E’ comandante generoso con i suoi soldati, e munifico benefattore delle città che l’hanno fatto ricco: Firenze e Padova. Le opere da lui lasciate gli rendono testimonianza presso il Mugnone, lo Spedale che per secoli porta il suo nome; presso al Bacchiglione, al Santo, la Cappella di San Giacomo da lui voluta e scelta quest’ultima dimora per sé e per Madonna Caterina dei Francesi di Staggia sua seconda moglie.” LOMBARDI

-“Huomo d’assai nel fatto delle arme.” CORTUSII

-“Non era fiorentino, ma fu il più fiorentino di tutti i capitani che combatterono al soldo della Repubblica, perché si adoperò per il bene della città sia in tempo di guerra che in tempo di pace perché sconfisse i nemici, ma cercò anche di sconfiggere i malanni che colpivano gli amici perché lui – uomo di ventura – si dette da fare per aiutare gli sventurati. Di lui – maestro di guerra e maestro di pace – resta dopo tanti secoli il nome di una strada che naturalmente si trova nella zona dove il Capitano costruì quello che per lungo tempo i fiorentini chiamavano l’”Ospedale di Bonifacio” (alcuni addirittura “di San Bonifacio”), che fu anche “Conservatorio dei Poveri”, e poi ricovero per dementi (“la pazzeria di Bonifacio”), forse il primo ospedale psichiatrico moderno del nostro paese, con una stratificazione secolare di opere buone che durò fin quasi al ‘900, quando gli antichi edifici ospedalieri furono ristrutturati ed ebbero altri ruoli.” BATINI

-Epigrafe nella parte destra della sua tomba “Anno Domini LXXVI indictione XIIII/ Nobilis miles et marchio Soranee dominus Bonifacius de Lupis/ Fecit fieri hanc capellam ad honorem Dei ejusque gloriosa matris/ Virginis Mariae et beati Jacopi majoris et consacratus est in/ Nomine ipsius incliti apostoli./ Prefatus dominus reliquit fratribus predictus annuatim diversis/ Temporibus anni centum et quadraginta ducatos auri quo dare eisdem/ Tenentur sorores minores de Arcella Nova Padue.” (Sulla parte sinistra dell’arco è inscritto invece il seguente epitaffio) “Proh dolor: hic miles iam bello clarus et armis/ Iam terra pelagoque micans Bonifacius atra/ Mole jacet quem Parma tulit qui marchio vixit/ Soranee gentis decus hic et summa Luporum/ Gloria pro latis qui quond. plurima gessit/ Prelia ductor heris et sepe decora triumphis./ Hic hic cuius erat consulta resumere letus/ Imperialis apex regique domesticus idem/ Astitit ungarico domino vir gratus utrique/ Quidem? Consilio fuit hic probitate fideque/ Justiciaque nitens superum devotus et alme/ Religione, amans quo non prestantior alter/ Recta segni majorq. sui dilector honoris./ At quid fata virum tanti prostrasse juvabit?/ Sidera mens scandit gelidum licet ossa sepulcrum/ Stringat et eternum sua vivet famam per evum./ MCCCLXXXVIIII. dic. XXII.”


-P.E. Lombardi. Messer Bonifacio Lupi da Parma e la sua fondazione in via San Gallo in Firenze

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Roberto Damiani
Roberto Damiani
Roberto Damiani è l'autore del sito Condottieri di ventura.